H. Prentice-Mott, D. Irimia, A. Russom, and M. Toner
Center for Engineering in Medicine (BioMEMS Center), Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, USA
Microfluidics is able to provide many benefits to the fields of biology and chemistry through its ability to use small amounts of fluid and to finely control the environment of the experiment. However, the precision of the flow rate control at the microscale remains limited to either off-chip variable-flow-rate pumps or on-chip valves.Here, we report an on-chip pneumatic valve that allows for ...
G. Soni, T. M. Squires, and C. D. Meinhart
University of California in Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
We present an experimental and numerical investigation of induced charge electroosmosis (ICEO) on a planar electrode surface directly in contact with a high conductivity electrolytic solution. Symmetric rolls of ICEO flow were produced on the electrode by placing it in an AC electric field. The slip velocity was measured for a range of AC voltages and frequencies using micro particle image ...
A. Beerwinkle, R. Singh, and G. Kirikera
Mechanics of Advanced Materials Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa, OK
Geophysical Research Company, LLC, (GRC) Tulsa, OK
A three-dimensional finite element model, based on the linear field equations for superimposed small vibrations onto nonlinear thermoelastic stressed media given by Lee and Yong, was developed. This method involves solving the thermal stress and piezoelectric model with geometric and material nonlinearities. The thickness-shear mode frequency response of the model was benchmarked to ...
I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, J. Lavrencik 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...
N. Qudus, T. Mahbub, S. A. Ali, and M. Shajahan
 Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka Bangladesh
A finite element model is employed to describe the electric potential distribution and electroosmotic flow field inside a wavy cylindrical channel. The model uses coupled Laplace and Poisson-Boltzmann to evaluate the electric potential distribution inside the channel. It also contains continuity and Navier–Stokes equations for the solution of fluid flow. A particle trajectory model was ...
E. Gutierrez-Miravete, and J. Streeter
Department of Engineering and Science, Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Optiwind, Torrington, Connecticut, USA
The bearing and shaft are part of a safe and arm device constructed as an assembly by a multi-layer additive/subtractive plating and planarization processes (EFAB technology). Devices are constructed by a multi-layer additive/subtractive planarization process. This paper evaluates the lubricating flow between the shaft and journal of the MEMS bearing for seven configurations. The pressure ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc.
COMSOL, Certified Partner
Efficient, effective, and functional operation of autonomous systems requires a comprehensive real-time understanding, by those systems, of the embedding environment. This paper presents a brief overview of the multiphysics considerations involved in the development of models for thermoresistive and magnetoresistive sensors systems.
A. M. Morega1, J. C. Ordonez2, and M. Morega1
1Politehnica University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
2Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA
In this paper, we present a FEM model of a mixing MEMS μTAS device. A quasistatic magnetic field, produced by sequentially switched DC currents advected through conductors embedded in the device substrate beneath the flow channel, is used to mix the working magnetic fluid, while it is forced to flow through a rib walled channel. The body forces in the magnetized fluid perturb the otherwise ...
N. Al Cheikh, P. Xavier, J. Duchamp, and K. Schuster
Institute of Microelectronics, Electromagnetism and Photonics (IMEP-LAHC), Grenoble, France
Institute of Millimetrics Radio Astronomy (IRAM), Grenoble, France
Superconducting GHz electronics circuits are frequently used in Radio Astronomy instrumentation. The features of these instrumentations can be significantly improved by using tuneable capacitances, which can be realized by electrically actuated, micromechanical bridges (MEMS) made of superconducting Niobium (Nb). In order to analyze the electromechanical behavior of such devices and the intrinsic ...
Designing the Actuator for the Next-Generation Astronomical Deformable Mirrors: a Multidisciplinary and Multiphysics Approach
C. Del Vecchio, R. Biasi , D. Gallieni, and A. Riccardi
INAF-OAA, Fierenze, Italy
Microgate Srl, Bolzano, Italy
ADS International Srl, Valmadrera, Italy
The actuation system of the deformable mirror is one of the crucial components of an Adaptive Optics unit. One possible implementation comprehends a linear force motor and a capacitive sensor providing the feedback measure signal. Choosing a magnetic circuit that makes optimum use of the magnetic force delivered by a current and properly arranging the electrostatic geometry allows to obtain very ...