K. Misiunas, N. Laohakunakorn, S. Ghosal, O. Otto, U. F. Keyser
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
The motion of DNA in crowded environments is a common theme in physics and biology. Examples include gel electrophoresis and the self-interaction of DNA within cells and viral capsids. Here we study the interaction of multiple DNA molecules within a nanopore by tethering the DNA to a bead held in a laser optical trap to produce a "molecular tug-of-war". We measure this tether force as a function ...
The Origin of Mass-change Sensitivity within Multi-layered, Non-uniform, Piezoelectrically-actuated Millimeter-sized Cantilever (PEMC) Biosensors: Vibrational Analysis through Experiment and Finite Element Modeling (FEM)
B.N. Johnson, and R. Mutharasan
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
A 3D finite element model (FEM) of the PEMC sensor was developed to characterize the modes of vibration that have demonstrated high sensitivity to mass-change in experimentally fabricated sensors. The fundamental bending mode of vibration and the 1st bending harmonic are predicted at 10.0 kHz and 86.8 kHz, respectively, within approximately 5 % of the experimentally measured resonances. The ...
University of Cambridge
This work presents a different use of COMSOL as an integrated component of a computational tool framework used to automate designs creation. CNS-Burst is a computational synthesis method that has been implemented with the aim of automatically generating solutions to an assigned design task. COMSOL is integrated in the method and used to evaluate the performance of the design solutions found. ...
Evaluation of Tensile Modulus of Carbon Nanotube Bundle Based Composite with Interface Using Finite Element Method
M. S. Islam, F. O. Riktan, S. C. Chowdhury, M. M. R. Chowdhury, and S. Ahmed
Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET)
Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have remarkable mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. The properties of CNTs depend on atomic arrangement (how the sheets of graphite are rolled), the diameter and length of the tubes and morphology of nanostructure. In this paper effective elastic properties of CNT based polymer composites are evaluated using a square Representative Volume Element (RVE) in ...
Surface Acoustic Wave Properties (SAW) and Acoustic Streaming Characterization for Annular and Curved Electrodes on 128˚ Y-Cut, X-Propagating LiNbO3
G. Potter, N. Tokranova, S. Gattu, J. Castracane
SUNY College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Albany, NY, USA
Microfluidic devices and lab-on-a-chip (LOC) require the ability to transport or pump reagents or reaction products, the ability to effectively mix small volumes of fluid, and provide direct data display. Surface acoustic wave (SAW) driven acoustic streaming generated by a piezoelectric material represents a developing solution to many of the demands of these devices with advantages over other ...
M. Baù, V. Ferrari, and D. Marioli
Department of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
A contactless electromagnetic principle for the excitation of mechanical vibrations in resonant structures has been investigated. The principle relies on no specific magnetic property of the resonator except electrical conductivity and can be adopted for employing the structures as resonant sensors for measurements either in environments not compliant with the requirements of active electronics ...
Robust and Reliability-based Design Optimization of Electromagnetic Actuators Using Heterogeneous Modeling with COMSOL Multiphysics and Dynamic Network Models
H. Neubert, A. Kamusella, and T-Q. Pham
Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
OptiY e. K. Aschaffenburg, Germany
For an exemplary electromagnetic actuator used to drive a Braille printer, a design optimization was performed. The optimization involves stochastic variables and comprises nominal optimization, robustness analysis and robust design optimization. A heterogeneous model simulates the static and the dynamic behavior of the actuator and its non-linear load. It consists of a network model in ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of a trench patterned silicon substrate results in diverse cavities by varying initial conditions. The size and the arrangement of the initial trenches are decisive for the transformation process besides the annealing conditions which are, in fact, time and temperature, and the existing pressure values. The prediction of the shape evolution depending on different ...
M. Algappan, P. C. Chakravarthi, R. Keerthana, S. Mangayarkarasi, A. Kandaswamy
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...
F. F. Dall'Agnol, A. C. F. de Mattos
Center for Information Technology Renato Archer (CTI), Campinas, SP, Brazil
We simulate a Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasound Transducer (CMUT) using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The CMUT is an electromechanical system, therefore, we couple the physics of electrical and structural mechanics to describe its dynamics. We obtain the distributions of the electric field and the stress as a function of time. Finally, we derived the time evolution of the device for several ...