Energy Harvesting from Variation in Blood Pressure through Deformation of Arterial Wall using Electro-magneto-hydrodynamics
A. Pfenniger, V.M. Koch, A. Stahel, and R. Vogel
ARTORG Cardiovascular Engineering, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Bern University of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Information Technology, Biel, Switzerland
The present project aims at modelling a generator that harvests energy from the variation in blood pressure by exploiting the motion of the arterial wall between the diastolic and systolic phase of the cardiac cycle. The concept is to use a highly electrically conductive fluid, which is driven by the motion of the arterial wall within a separate compartment outside the artery. A constant ...
B.A. Wols[1,2], J.A.M.H. Hofman[1,2], W.S.J. Uijttewaal, and J.C. van Dijk
KWR Watercycle Research Institute, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Delft University of Technology, Niewegein, The Netherlands
Disinfection of drinking water is required to prevent the outbreak of water-borne diseases. Different treatment steps are available to disinfect the water, such as chlorination, ozonation or UV irradiation. The hydrodynamics of these processes play an important role in their performance. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to simulate the water flow in disinfection installations. Moreover, a particle ...
Modeling Arterial Drug Transport From Drug-eluting Stents: Effect of Blood Flow on the Concentration Distribution Close to the Endothelial Surface
F. Bozsak, J.-M. Chomaz, and A. I. Barakat
LadHyX, Ecole Polytechnique
Drug-eluting stents (DES) are commonly used for treating coronary atherosclerosis. Despite the broad effectiveness of DES, ~5% of treated patients experience complications including in-stent restenosis and late-stent thrombosis. Furthermore, drugs used in DES not only inhibit proliferation of smooth muscle cells but also affect re-endothelialization. We have developed a computational model ...
M. J. Hancock , N. H. Elabbasi ,
 Veryst Engineering, Needham, MA, USA
Organ-on-a-chip microdevices combine microfluidics, MEMS, and biotechnology techniques to mimic the multicellular architectures, tissue-tissue interfaces, physicochemical microenvironments, and vascular perfusion of the body. Such devices are being developed to provide better levels of tissue and organ functionality compared with conventional cell culture systems, and have great potential to ...
J. van Walsem , J. Roegiers , S. Lenaerts , S. Denys ,
 Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
In industrial countries, people spend most of their time indoors. Stringent heat-insulation measures in combination with deficient ventilation have a negative impact on indoor air quality . Integration or retrofitting of a photocatalytic oxidation or PCO reactor into continuous flow systems like HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) equipment is an interesting approach for abating ...
G. Zhang, V. Pandian, J. Brcka, J. Faguet, E. Lee
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
TEL U.S. Holdings, Inc., U.S. Technology Development Center, Austin, TX, USA
Dielectrophoresis (or DEP) has been exploited for various micro and nano fluidics applications like patterning, sorting and separation. However, there are several commonly neglected issues in quantifying DEP forces. Such negligence could potentially lead to wrong DEP force predictions and estimates, posing difficulties in correlating experimental observations with theories. Among the commonly ...
S. Sridhar , T. J. Akl ,
 Analog Devices Inc., Wilmington, MA, USA
Electrodermal Activity (EDA) is a measure of changes in the conductivity of the skin. It has have been found to be indicative of the individual’s autonomic nervous activity which is correlated to their stress and emotional state. These conductivity changes are tracked by injecting a small electric current directly into the skin and measuring the induced voltage drop over time. With increase in ...
Investigating the Loading Behaviour of Intact and Meniscectomy Knee Joints and the Impact on Surgical Decisions
M. S. Yeoman ,
 Continuum Blue Ltd., Cardiff, United Kingdom
Knee joints are often subject to high loads, which can lead to injury, malalignment, and the progression of osteoarthritis in patients. To better understand the behavior, and the effect of meniscal damage and different meniscectomy repair approaches, a 3D structural mechanics model of a patient specific knee was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model made use of the Structural Mechanics ...
J. S. Crompton , J. Thomas , K. Koppenhoefer ,
 AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
Necrosis of human tissue can typically be obtained by exposure to temperatures below 40°C or above +50°C. However, inherent variability in tissue properties, the complexity of tissue response and dissipation of thermal energy by local perfusion or blood flow can make the development of routine, predictable in-vivo approaches to produce necrosis difficult. Although a number of thermal ablation ...
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution control ...