Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermal Stress in a Zero Thermal Expansion Composite

C. Romao, and M. White
Dept. of Chemistry and Institute for Research in Materials
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS

A series of 2-D finite element models of a ZrO2-ZrW2O8 composite system were created in COMSOL Multiphysics to study the effect of pores between the matrix (ZrO2) and filler (ZrW2O8) materials. Pores were modeled as ellipses concentric with the filler particles. Seventeen model geometries of varying microstructure were studied in order to determine correlations between microstructural factors ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Predictions of Pressurized CO2 Foil Thrust Bearing Characteristics

T. Munroe
Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corporation
Niskayuna, NY

This report discusses an analysis of gas foil thrust bearings used in the Integrated Systems Test (IST) turbomachinery. Gas foil thrust bearing failures occurred in IST turbomachinery during operational testing at Barber-Nichols Inc. This paper presents preliminary results of a study to assess, by means of multiphysics analyses, the performance characteristics of the foil thrust bearing over ...

Effect of Calcification Properties on Stress in Models of Atherosclerotic Plaque

C. Buffinton, P. Rogerson, and D. Ebenstein
Bucknell University
Lewisburg, PA

The effects of calcifications on arterial wall stress have been largely ignored, in part because the material properties of the calcified areas were taken to be the same as the fibrous plaque, and in part because they are often assumed to have a stabilizing influence. Recent measurements suggest that their stiffness should be more similar to bone. A computational model is indicated for this ...

Simulation Studies on Stress Generation and Volume Expansion due to Electrochemical Lithium Insertion in a Silicon Nanowire

G. Sikha, and J. Gordon
Applied Materials, Inc.
Santa Clara, CA

Silicon electrodes are presently being pursued as the potential negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries owing to its high gravimetric (mAh/g) and volumetric capacity (mAh/L) compared to the existing state of the art graphite electrode. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the use of nano size Si electrodes which minimizes insertion induced stresses due to facile strain ...

Modeling Linear Viscoelasticity in Glassy Polymers using Standard Rheological Models

M. Haghighi-Yazdi, and P. Lee-Sullivan
University of Waterloo
Waterloo, ON

In this study, a capability has been developed for modeling the linear viscoelastic behaviour of a glassy polymer using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The two rheological models by Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt were used for modeling stress relaxation and creep loading behavior, respectively, of a typical gas pipe under two modes of plane stress and plane strain. An advantage of the developed model is its ...

Optimization of a High-Temperature High-Pressure Direct Wafer Bonding Process for III-V Semiconductors

R. Martin, J. Kozak, K. Anglin, and W. Goodhue
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Lowell, MA

Many optoelectronic devices utilize a heterojunction of a pair semiconducting materials including high-efficiency MEMS devices, solar cells, LEDs, and VCSELs. One fabrication technique which achieves such a device is direct wafer fusion. To optimize the process, COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0 was used to test various geometric configurations of the fixture. 2D and 3D models were created in order ...

Structural and Geomechanics Modeling of a Railroad Bridge

H. Diaz-Alvarez, R. Costley, D. Whitlow, M. McKenna, C. Williamson, and O. Taylor
US Army Engineer & Development Center
Vicksburg, MS

Previous studies have determined that bridges radiate acoustic energy in the infrasonic frequency range. Initial interest in this topic was the result of trying to identify sources of infrasound recorded at stations deployed near bridges. A Finite Element model has been developed for a Pratt truss railroad bridge located at Ft. Leonard Wood, MO. The model consists of 3-D Euler beam elements ...

Modeling and Simulation of Circular and Square Diaphragm Absolute Micro Pressure Sensors using COMSOL

M. Sundaram[1], A. Simha[2], S M. Kulkarni[3], and S. Bhat[4]
[1]Department of ICE, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India
[2]Department of Mechatronics, National Institute of Technology, Suratkal, India
[3]Department of Mechanical, National Institute of Technology, Suratkal, India
[4]Department of E&C, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, India

The aim of this paper is to model and simulate a Circular and Square diaphragm absolute micro pressure sensors. With the applied pressure, the change in deflection and stress pattern of the diaphragm is analytically determined. The structures are then simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results obtained from analytical equations are compared with simulated results. The range and ...

FEM Study on the Effect of Metallic Interdigital Transducers on Surface Acoustic Wave(SAW) Velocity in SAW Devices

A. K. Namdeo, and H. B. Nemade
Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
Assam, India

In this paper, we present study on the mass loading effect of the interdigital transducer (IDT) on surface acoustic wave (SAW) velocity in SAW devices, using COMSOL Multiphysics. We have simulated a one port SAW resonator made on YZ lithium niobate substrate and investigated the reduction of SAW velocity caused by the mass loading of aluminum IDT fabricated over the substrate, using finite ...

Determination of Fundamental Frequency of a Thin Rectangular Perforated Plate using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. V. N. B. Prasad, and B. Raghavendra

COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0 is being used to simulate the free vibrations of a plate. The results obtained by simulation in COMSOL are in close proximity to that found by Fast Fourier Transform analyzer and analytical method. As of now the vibration analysis of thin rectangular plates with perforations in rectangular pattern has been carried out. The study of vibration analysis of thin rectangular ...

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