A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy
In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...
A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands
Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...
Modeling Of A Strongly Coupled Thermal, Hydraulic And Chemical Problem: Drying And Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Wood Waste Particles In A Moving Bed Reactor
J. Govaerts, and L. Helsen
SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Performance Assessment Unit, Mol, Belgium
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
Low temperature thermal carbonisation might be the ultimate solution to the growing disposal problem of CopperChromeArsenic-treated waste wood. This energy and material recuperating technology is currently in the process of upscaling to an industrial level. In the present study, a numerical model is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics that allows to investigate the temperature profiles, gas ...
G. Zhang, S. Bearden
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
It is necessary to understand and control nanopore behavior in order to develop biosensors for a variety of applications including DNA sequencing. The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. By electrically biasing nanopores, we were able to actively control the nanopore conductance in real time ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution control ...
Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors
P. N. Ciesielski , D. Robichaud , B. Donohoe , M. Nimlos ,
 Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
 National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...
Research & Technology
Rick has a BS in Physics, a ScM in Geological Sciences, and a PhD in Physics. He worked at Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Conoco Petroleum Exploration Research, and, since 1989, has been at the DuPont Experimental Station. In this industrial setting, Rick has had opportunity to work on a great diversity of problems ranging from traditional engineering studies, using commercial finite-element ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...