Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, USA
Photovoltaic systems can degrade with moisture. The addition of an edge-seal containing a desiccant can reduce the amount of water reaching the interior. This report discusses the modeling of the water transport into the system to determine the amount of edge seal and desiccant required. The moving freezing front of the Stefan heat-transport problem is used to model a moving moisture ...
Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...
K. O. Lund , S. M. Lord ,
 Kurt Lund Consulting (COMSOL Certified Consultant), Del Mar, CA, USA
 SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA
A frequently occurring geometry for heat exchangers is that of a long tube wound into a helix or spiral around a core volume. There is to be heat exchange between the tube and the gases (or solids) in the core. However, the length scales of these two parts of the geometry are very different, thus complicating the interface between the tube and the core processes. Usually, the tube is too ...
A Preliminary Approach to the Neutronics of the Molten Salt Reactor by Means of COMSOL Multiphysics®
V. Memoli, A. Cammi, V. Di Marcello, and L. Luzzi
Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR), proposed along with other five innovative concepts of fission nuclear reactor by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF-IV), represents a challenging task from the modeling perspective because of the strong coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics due to liquid fuel circulation in the primary loop. In this paper COMSOL Multiphysics® is adopted to ...
O. Rouaud, T. Pham
LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...
C. Grau Turuelo, B. Bergmann, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of a trench patterned silicon substrate results in diverse cavities by varying initial conditions. The size and the arrangement of the initial trenches are decisive for the transformation process besides the annealing conditions which are, in fact, time and temperature, and the existing pressure values. The prediction of the shape evolution depending on different ...
Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer During a Steam-Thermolysis Process for Recycling Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer
A. Oliveira Nunes, Y. Soudais, R. Barna, A. Bounacer, Y. Yang
Centre RAPSODEE - Ecole des Mines d'Albi, Albi, France
Different types of technologies to recycle carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) waste have been studied, for example: pyrolysis, solvolysis and steam-thermolysis. The steam-thermolysis is a process that combines pyrolysis and superheated steam at atmospheric pressure to decompose the organic matrix of the composite. The waste is introduced into a bench-scale reactor heated at high temperatures ...
J. Parikh, A. Kapela, N. Tsoukias
Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...
P. L. Mills, A. Nagaraj
Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...