Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Assessment of Anterior Spinal Artery Blood Flow following Spinal Cord Injury

M. Alshareef[1], A. Alshareef[2], V. Krishna[3], M. Kindy[3], T. Shazly[4]
[1]College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[4]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...

Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...

Analysis of Cost Effective Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (CEVAWT)

H. Shaikh[1], A. Arjun[1], R. Kumbhar[2]
[1]SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
[2]WIL Walchandnagar, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India

Wind turbines are the conventional type of energy source. The main focus of this work is the analysis and fabrication of cost effective VAWT. Cost of the turbine is reduced by low cost material and minimizing its total weight. There are two main types of the wind turbines i.e. Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine and Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. Savonious VAWT is preferable for energy generation, because ...

Modeling and Simulation of High Sensitivity CMOS Pressure Sensor Using Free Boundary Circular Diaphragm Embedded on Ring Channel Shaped MOSFET

S. Joy[1], T. Tom[1]
[1]Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India

Sensors have diverse applications ranging from medical field to space explorations. They convert physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity etc: - into an electrical output. The discovery of piezoresistivity property of silicon and germanium led to miniaturization of pressure sensors. Improvement in the sensitivity is the major factor to be considered while designing pressure ...

A Numerical Study for Rubber Particles Collection Involved in New Thermoforming Composite Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Carbone[1], V. Antonelli[2][3], A. Langella[1], and R. Marissen[3]

[1]Material and Production Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]Institute of Lightweight Structures, Technische Universität München, München, Germany
[3]Design and Production of Composite Structure, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

This paper deal of the forming process applied to the thermoplastic composites. A new thermoforming process that uses rubber particles collection as flexible mould was presented and numerically modeled. A characterization of the rubber in particles form was previously performed to value the material parameters in the user-defined hyperelastic constitutive laws employed in the FEM (Finite Element ...

Energy Transformation Damping

G.S. Mulder[1]
[1]Leiden, The Netherlands

A model for material damping is presented in terms of internal friction and in terms of a variation of stiffness. In the latter case the idea is that the stiffness increases if elastic energy is stored and decreases if elastic energy is released. In case of a single mass spring system “stiffness” refers to the stiffness of the spring; in case of a continues object ...

Design of Soft Actuators using Ionic Polymer Metal Composites

D. M. G. Preethichandra1, B. G. L. T. Samaranayake2, A. M. U. S. K. Alahakoon2 and K. Kaneto1
1Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Hibikino, Wakamatusu-Ku, Kitakyushu-Shi, Japan
2Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

This paper characterizes and models the bending motion of the strip-type Ionic Polymer Metal Composites (IPMC) actuators using the theory of Large Deflections of Beams. From here it derives a thermal analogy. The mathematical model has been experimentally verified for an actuator with the dimensions 25mm×2.6mm×0.44 mm.Theoretical and experimental results are compared to show the validity of the ...

Stress State Determination in Nanoelectronic Silicon Devices Coupling COMSOL Multiphysics and a Recursive Dynamical CBED Pattern Simulation

A. Spessot[1,2], S. Frabboni[1], A. Armigliato[3], and R. Balboni[3]
[1]Numonyx Advanced R&D NVMTD-FTM, Agrate Brianza, Italy
[2]National Research Center S3, CNR-INFM and Department of Physics, University of Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
[3]CNR-IMM Section of Bologna, Italy

Strained technology is being promoted as the best way to extend the performance of semiconductor transistors. An inhomogeneous layer deposited on top of a silicon device can induce a strong modification in the real silicon strain state, and consequently in its electronic performance. Coupling the finite elements analysis done by COMSOL with a recursive CBED and LACBED dynamical simulation, we are ...

Identification of the Complex Moduli of Orthotropic Materials using Modal Analysis

F. Van den Abeele[1], J.R. De Oliveira Jr.[2], and F.J. Huertos[1]
[1]OCAS N.V., J.F. Kennedylaan 3, Zelzate, Belgium
[2]Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

It is very difficult to measure the global properties of heterogeneous and anisotropic materials like composites and sandwich structures. When designing composite sandwich applications, the elastic properties are required to perform structural stiffness and strength calculations. However, due to their anisotropic nature, it is not straightforward to measure these properties with traditional ...

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