Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors - new

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...

Thermal FEM Simulation Of A Multilevel Lab On Chip Device For Genetic Analysis

E. Giuri, A. Ricci, and S.L. Marasso
Politecnico di Torino, Materials Science and Chemical Engineering Department, Turin, Italy

In this work, time dependent thermal analyses, performed on the 3D FE model of a multilevel Lab on Chip (LOC) platform are executed in order to gain insight into the temperature distribution within the device. By means of the COMSOL Multiphysics CAD import module, an extremely close 3D reproduction of the actual device, allowing to probe temperatures in those regions where an experimental ...

An Agglomerate Model for the Rationalisation of MCFC Cathode Degradation

B. Bozzini[1], S. Maci[1], I. Sgura[2], R. Lo Presti[3], and E. Simonetti[3]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[3]ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy

This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...

Modeling Neural Tissue and Membrane Behavior During Far-field Current Injection

R. Sadleir[1], A. Minhas[2], and E.J. Woo[2]
[1]University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
[2]Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

In an earlier work we developed a finite element bidomain model of an aplysia abdominal ganglion in order to estimate the sensitivity of this contrast mechanism to changes in cell membrane conductance occurring during a gill-withdrawal reflex. We used our model to determine both current density and magnetic potential distributions within a sample chamber containing an isolated ganglion when it ...

HIIPER Space Propulsion for Future Space Missions

G. H. Miley[1], M. P. Reilly[2], B. Ulmen[3], P. Keutelian[3], and J. Orcutt[3]
[1]NPL Associates, Inc., Urbana-Champaign, IL
[2]Starfire Industries, Champaign, IL
[3]University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL

A coupled helicon/IEC plasma jet is in development for space propulsion applications. This device decouples the ionization and plasma acceleration process into separate stages. A realistic model is to consider a plasma media where the relative permittivity is negative or imaginary. Toward this end, COMSOL readily considers complex permittivity values, enabling a first attempt at modeling a ...

Towards Optimized Neural Stimulation in a Device for Urinary Incontinence

A.N. Shiraz[1], A. Demosthenous[1]
[1]E&EE Department, University College London, London, United Kingdom

After spinal cord injury (SCI) the functions of the lower urinary tract are often disrupted and may have fatal consequences for the patient. It has been shown that using a transrectal probe developed by Craggs et al., through conditional transrectal stimulation of pudendal nerve, it is possible to treat hyperreflexia in some of the SCI patients. To maximise the efficacy of this type of ...

Solving Two-scale Transport Laws During Frying of Foods Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Maneerote, and P.S. Takhar
International Center for Food Industry Excellence Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA

Microscale comprised of the scale of food biopolymers at which biochemical reactions and textural changes take place, and the macroscale was the scale of interaction of polymers with surrounding water, vapor and oil phases. Numerous novel equations such as generalized Darcy’s law based fluid transport equations for various phases; near-equilibrium equation governing phase change from liquid ...

Simulation of the Degradation of Methyl Red by Gliding Arc Plasma

S. Cavadias [1], B. Trifi [2], S. Ognier[1], and N. Bellakhal[3]
[1]Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[2]Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Electrochimie, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisie
[3]Département de Chimie et de Biologie Appliquées, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie, B.P. N°676, 1080 Tunis Cedex, Tunis, Tunisie

The use of plasmas for the treatment industrial effluents provides a new alternative to the decontamination of wastewater. The strong oxidizing species (O,O3, OH) generated by the plasma, at room temperature, can oxidise organic pollutants present in the water. Our simulation deals with the degradation of methyl red by a Glidarc humid air plasma producing active species, mainly OH, that can ...

Simulation Study in Design of Miniaturized MID-Infrared Sensors

B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Universität Ulm
Ulm, Deutschland

Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...

Can the Drumhead be Decomposed from Spectra? - An Application for the Chesapeake Bay

K. McIlhany[1], and R. Malek-Madani[2]
[1]Physics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
[2]Mathematics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

In 1966, mathematician Mark Kac proposed the question "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum?" in an article for American Mathematical Monthly. In attempting to resolve the Chesapeake Bay from an eigenfunctional approach, a one-to-one mapping of this famous problem has been identified. The quote above will re-write to "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum from Multiple Point-Sampled Spectra?". This ...