Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations
M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill, C. Felix, R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...
J. Perko, D. Mallants, E. Vermariën, and W. Cool
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Mol, Belgium
Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Material (ONDRAF/NIRAS), Mol, Belgium
Mass transport modelling through porous media is typically characterized by complex physics and geometry. In the particular case of radionuclide transport, modelling for radioactive waste repositories, an additional level of complexity, and thus uncertainty, originates from the long time frames involved. Performing a safety analysis of a radioactive waste disposal system requires therefore ...
E. Houdu, O. Poupard, and V. Meyer
OXAND S.A., France
CO2 capture and storage constitutes a promising solution to control and reduce these emissions. Wellbore integrity is a key challenge to ensure long term safety and for public acceptance. For this objective, a two-phase flow model in porous media based on Darcy’s law has been proposed to simulate the CO2 leakage within the well at a rat hole area. The numerical simulations have highlighted ...
A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden
Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...
T. Wagner, and U. Peil
International Graduate School of Risk Management of Natural and Civilization Hazards on Buildings and Infrastructure, Braunschweig, Germany
Institute of Steel Structures, Technical University Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
Hazardous for the transmission lines is not only the static ice load, but also the aerodynamic instability of iced cables. It can lead to large amplitude oscillations at low frequencies. Also, twisting due to asymmetrical iced cables may increase the fatigue rate. In extreme events, atmospheric icing can cause severe damage on towers and power lines, resulting in extensive electricity ...
Continental Automotive Systems, Frankfurt, Germany
Harald Biller studied mathematics and physics at Darmstadt, London, and Würzburg. In 1999, he received his PhD from Stuttgart University, specializing in functional analysis, topology, and Lie theory. He worked as a lecturer at Darmstadt University until 2004, when he became a development engineer with the automotive supplier Continental, one of the leading producers of electronic brake and ...
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
RFSP-IST (Reactor Fueling Simulation Program) is a computer code used for the full-core neutronics design and analysis of CANDU® reactors. RFSP-IST calculates the static flux and power distributions in the core by solving the neutron diffusion equation in two energy groups. For validation purposes, results from RFSP-IST are often compared with those from other codes. This paper documents the ...
Two-dimensional Analysis of Triple Coupled Physics of Structural Mechanics, Diffusion and Heat Transfer in a Gas Pipe
P. Lee-Sullivan, and M. Haghighi-Yazdi
Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
In this study, a 2-D model has been built using COMSOL Multiphysics® to analyze a triple coupled physics problem involving simultaneous gas diffusion, heat transfer, and structural mechanics in a pipe due to the flow of high-pressure carbon dioxide. The problem geometry and boundary conditions were based on the analysis by Rambert et al. who have published the most advanced modeling work in ...
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, California, USA
A kernel of grain is modeled as an isothermal sphere, with descriptive differential equations scaled or rendered into non-dimensional form, where moisture transfer is governed by internal diffusivity, not by surface conditions. The time dependent problem is solved with COMSOL and the average non-dimensional moisture content and its time-rate of change are obtained; by regression, these numerical ...
J.C. Crompton, K.C. Koppenhoefer, and S.Y. Yushanov
AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, Ohio, USA
This paper presents the solution of a transient electromagnetic problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The paper also presents a closed-form solution of a transient electromagnetic dipole. The computational solution compares well with a closed-form solution for this problem. This work implements Maxwell’s equations in the RF module and optimizes solver parameter settings to resolve the transient ...