Electrical Stimulation of Brain using a realistic 3D Human Head Model: Improvement of Spatial Focality
A. Datta, M. Elwassif, and M. Bikson
Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of the CUNY, New York, NY, USA
We calculated the spatial distribution of the electric fields induced in the brain during transcranial current stimulation (TCS). The spatial focality obtained using ‘concentric-ring’ configurations is investigated using a realistic MRI derived 3D finite element model of the human head. Two disc electrode configurations were simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. The distant-bipolar ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA
Magnetic fluids containing nano or submicron magnetic particles and their application in food, biological and pharmaceutical systems have recently attracted increasing attention. Magnetic particles can be collected efficiently in magnetizable matrices (e.g. iron wires) in high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) process. In this work, the dynamic buildup growth process is treated as a moving ...
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, California, USA
A kernel of grain is modeled as an isothermal sphere, with descriptive differential equations scaled or rendered into non-dimensional form, where moisture transfer is governed by internal diffusivity, not by surface conditions. The time dependent problem is solved with COMSOL and the average non-dimensional moisture content and its time-rate of change are obtained; by regression, these numerical ...
National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Prof. Jeng-Shian Chang received his B.Ec. degree (1974) in Mechanical Engineering from National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, and M.Sc. degree (1981) in Mechanical Engineering and M.Sc. degree (1983) in Computer Science both from Syracuse University, USA. In 1984 he received the Ph.D. degree in Mechanica Engineering from Syracuse University, USA. In 1984, he joined the Institute of Applied ...
Control of Technological and Production Processes Modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics as Distributed Parameter Systems
G. Hulkó, C. Belavý, G. Takács, and P. Zajíček
Slovak Technical University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
COMSOL Multiphysics is widely utilized in the modeling of dynamics of technological and manufacturing processes. At the same time the investigated technological and manufacturing processes are generally described by systems of partial differential equations as distributed parameter systems. This paper presents actual possibilities of control of systems modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics as ...
J.T. Andrews, R.R. Kumar, and P.K. Sen
Department of Applied Physics, S G S Institute Technology & Science, Indore, Maharashtra, India
We report the results of simulation showing light coupling in waveguides through prism coupling method. Prism coupling method of light coupling in waveguides is a dominant method adopted by photonic device fabricators. It is necessary to understand the effect various parameters on light coupling in such processes. We used industry standard PDE solver COMSOL Multiphysics to study and analyze the ...
Modeling of the Impact of Blood Vessels Flow on the Temperature Distribution During Focused Ultrasound Exposure
K.C.P. Li, B.E. O'Neill, and E. Sassaroli
Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA
Focused ultrasound systems guided by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and thermometry have recently made possible the non-invasive thermal ablation of benign tumors such as uterine fibroids in clinical practice. Much more work is however required in order to make this technology available for the treatment of other forms of cancer. One of the major difficulties is associated with the presence of ...
Beam Structure As an Acoustic Wave Sensor: A Study of the Effect of Sensor Design on Its Sensitivity to Noise
F. Akasheh, A. Biddle, W.S. Shepard Jr., and B.B.B. Zhang
Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, USA
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
The detection and identification of the location of a sound source is commonly done using arrays of microphones. A recent new alternative approach has been proposed which involves the use of continuous structures, such as beams or plates, as acoustic wave sensors. The sound wave impinging on the surface of the structure causes it to vibrate and the measured surface displacements can then be used ...
Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Steven Conrad received his MD degree from Louisiana State University in 1978, and his PhD degree in Biomedical Engineering from Case Western Reserve University in 1985. His clinical practice includes intensive care and emergency medicine, and his research interests include computational dynamics and bioinformatics. He has worked with dynamic models of gas transport in artificial lungs, and more ...
A. Eed Olamat, U. Hofmann, B. Pohl, and N. Nkemasong
University of Lübeck, Institute for Signal Processing, Lübeck, Germany
In order to investigate the implantation of microprobes into brain tissue, we developed a finite-element and a physical model to replace real biological tissue for mechanical testing. Penetrating forces of a tungsten indenter into a layered structure was investigated with different indentation speeds. Numerical and physical model are in good correspondence to each other and reproduce measured ...