Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Using Microwaves for Extracting Water From the Moon

Edwin Ethridge
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...

Coupled Fluid-Structural Analysis of Heart Mitral Valve

A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...

Beam Structure As an Acoustic Wave Sensor: A Study of the Effect of Sensor Design on Its Sensitivity to Noise

F. Akasheh[1], A. Biddle[1], W.S. Shepard Jr.[2], and B.B.B. Zhang[2]
[1]Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, USA
[2]University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA

The detection and identification of the location of a sound source is commonly done using arrays of microphones. A recent new alternative approach has been proposed which involves the use of continuous structures, such as beams or plates, as acoustic wave sensors. The sound wave impinging on the surface of the structure causes it to vibrate and the measured surface displacements can then be used ...

Mixers and Pumps for Microfluidic Systems, based on Conducting Polymer Oxidation Wave

K. Kannappan, G. Bogle, J. Travas-Sejdic, and D.E. Williams
University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Electrochemically-active conducting polymers (ECP) swell or shrink in response to ion and solvent incorporation or ejection as a result of electrochemical reaction of the polymer. When anodic potential is applied to an electrode attached to one end of ECP strip, the oxidation process starts from the electrode and proceeds along the polymer, propagating as a wave. This wave is driven as a ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Partially Frozen Food Material

B. Watzke[1], H. Deyber[1], and H. Limbach[2]
[1]Nestlé Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
[2]Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland

The freezing curve of the food material was extracted from Differential Scanning Calorimetry experiments. A heat conductive model was generated in COMSOL, including the thermo-physical characteristics and the phase transition behavior. The resulting temperature-time evolutions at different positions in space were in excellent agreement with our experimental data. Changing scale, the variation ...

Influence of pH and Carbonate Buffering on the Performance of a Lactate Microbial Fuel Cell

A.Torrents, N. Godino, F.J. del Campo, F.X. Muñoz, and J. Mas
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Microbia Fuel Cells (MFC’s) are complex environments where electrochemical, physical and biological aspects must be considered together. In this work we present a 1D model partially describing a Shewanella oneidensis MFC that degrade sodium lactate [lactate -> Acetate + CO2 + 2H+ + 2e-]. The model, simulated using COMSOL, focuses on pH implications of the MFC operation. Release of protons during ...

COMSOL Multiphysics, TOUGHREACT and Numerrin Comparison in Some Modelling Tasks of Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal

A. Itälä[1], V-M. Pulkkanen[1], M. Laitinen[2], M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö[1], and M. Olin[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland
[2]Numerola Oy, Jyväskylä, Finland

Bentonite clay is used as a protecting barrier around both the copper capsules in deposition holes and in deposition tunnels in the KBS-3 final disposal concept for spent nuclear fuel. The performance of these bentonite barriers will be investigated both experimentally and by modelling. Both approaches are needed, because for example the time span in question (hundred thousand years or even ...

High Field Magnetic Diffusion into Nonlinear Ferrimagnetic Materials

J-W. Braxton Bragg[1], J. Dickens[1], A. Neuber[1], and K. Long[2]
[1]Center for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
[2]Dept. of Mathematics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

Ferrimagnetic based, coaxial nonlinear transmission lines (NLTLs) provide a means to generate sub-nanosecond risetime pulses (from nano-second input pulses) or megawatt level high power microwave oscillations, depending on the geometry, material, and external bias fields. This investigation uses the commercially available, finite element solver COMSOL to provide insight into pulse behavior. ...

Simulation of Quench Propagation in a Double-Helix Superconducting Magnet with COMSOL Multiphysics

P. Masson
Advanced Magnet Lab
Palm Bay, FL

The paper presents the numerical analysis of quench propagation in a DH magnet wound with a commercially available MgB2 wire in a fiber-glass composite matrix and operating at 20 K. The quench is induced by a small heater located on the first layer of the magnet close to the peak field area. The quench dynamics, peak temperature along with detection requirements are derived from the simulation ...

Using Computational Multiphysics to Optimise Channel Design for a Novel PEM Fuel Cell Stack

F. A. Daniels[1], D. J. L. Brett[1], A. R. Kucernak[2], and C. Attingre[2]
[1]University College London, London, UK
[2]Imperial College London, London, UK

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have significant potential as a source of clean, efficient energy production. This study presents a three-dimensional, non-isothermal, fully-coupled model of a PEM fuel cell with printed circuit board current collectors. The effect of the current collector design on transport phenomena and consequent cell performance is investigated. The model ...

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