王宗荣 [1,2], 王珊 ,
引言：柔性压力传感器在电子皮肤、智能假肢以及医疗监测诊断等领域发挥着十分重要的作用。因此压力传感器需要很高的灵敏度、较宽的敏感区间及稳定的性能。利用典型有机硅 PDMS 作为支撑层，聚合物 PEDOT: PSS 作为导电感应层制得的高度不均一微突结构的双压敏机制压阻传感器灵敏度达到了 851kPa-1。其探测范围广，性能优异，为解决目前压阻传感器中灵敏度低、敏感压力区间窄的难题提供了新思路。 COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS® 软件的使用：本文利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 软件建立了不均匀微突结构的压阻式传感器模型，采用了结构力学与电流场两个物理场，通过电子接触对进行多物理场的耦合。研究在指定位移情况下，压阻式传感器电阻与电流的变化，从而得到灵敏度，验证不均匀微突结构压阻式压力传感器的双作用机制。同时，与均一微金字塔结构的压力传感器进行比较 ...
P. Almeida, and M. Benilov
Departamento de Física. Universidade da Madeira, Portugal
It was suggested long ago that a theoretical model of a near-cathode region in a DC glow discharge admits multiple steady-state solutions describing different modes of currrent transfer. Even the most simple self-consistent models should admit such multiple solutions. In the present work, these solutions have been calculated for the first time with COMSOL Multiphysics.
Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions
N. Murer, N. Missert, and R. Bucchheit
Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...
H. Porteanu, and R. Gesche
Ferdinand-Braun-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik, Berlin, Germany
Microplasmas at atmospheric pressure are required in many applications, where treatments in normal ambient, with spatial resolution, are important. The interest on such miniaturized sources has increased due to the availability of a new generation of microwave sources based on high power GaN transistors. The present work deals with a simulation of the plasma formation after the application of ...
A. Zugliano, R. Artoni, A. Santomaso, A. Primavera, M. Pavlicevic
Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche, Italy
DIPIC - Universita di Padova, Italy
A simulation of the behavior of bulk solids continuously flowing through a silo with internal flow feeders has been performed by means of a dissipative hydrodynamic model. The results obtained by these calculations and those found experimentally agree, not only with regard to the velocity profiles, but also relative to the pressure on the silo walls. The dissipative hydrodynamic model represents ...
Two-dimensional Analysis of Triple Coupled Physics of Structural Mechanics, Diffusion and Heat Transfer in a Gas Pipe
P. Lee-Sullivan, and M. Haghighi-Yazdi
Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
In this study, a 2-D model has been built using COMSOL Multiphysics® to analyze a triple coupled physics problem involving simultaneous gas diffusion, heat transfer, and structural mechanics in a pipe due to the flow of high-pressure carbon dioxide. The problem geometry and boundary conditions were based on the analysis by Rambert et al. who have published the most advanced modeling work in ...
S. Baskaran, S. Thiruvannamalai, N. Ramachandran, F.M. Sebastian, and J.Y. Fu
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
This paper presents a novel methodology towards the design, analysis, and the fabrication process involved in developing a cost effective method to create a piezoelectric actuator by means of the flexoelectric effect. The basic physical equations of the flexoelectric effect and the qualitative analysis of the flexoelectric actuator are done using COMSOL Multiphysics. This effect is used to align ...
G. Hulkó, C. Belavý, P. Bucek, K. Ondrejkovic, and P. Zajícek
Institute of Automation, Measurement and Applied Informatics of Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
In systems and control theory dynamical systems described by partial differential equations are known as distributed parameter systems. So for modeling and dynamical analysis of distributed parameter systems wide possibilities are offered by COMSOL Multiphysics® based on numerical solution of sets of partial differential equations by finite element method. Paper presents actual possibilities ...
COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large ...
Machine Design, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Electrical contacts consists of parts where the surfaces are in contact and where the actual physical contact occur just in a few contact asperity points scattered over the whole apparent contact area. Through these contact spots between the two mating bodies the mechanical load and the electric current is transmitted. Often a soft coating is used to enlarge the real contact area. Modeling the ...