Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling the Collimator-Detector Scattering Using Stochastic Differential Equations and COMSOL

A. Jeremic[1], T. Farncombe[2], S. Liu[2], and Y. Abdul-Rehman[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
[2]Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses gamma rays. It has been especially useful for bone scans, cardiac perfusion imaging, tumor scans and brain imaging. The main advantage of SPECT imaging is that it can target particular tissue receptors allowing one to focus on the imaging of the diseased tissue. In most cases Monte Carlo ...

Multiphysical Modeling of Calcium Carbonate Transportation in UV Disinfection in Water Treatment

E. R. Blatchley[1], and B.Z. Sun[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...

Linear LS Parameter Estimation of Nonlinear Distribute Finite Element Models

E. Sparacino[1], D. Madeo[1], and C. Mocenni[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Università di Siena, Siena, Italy

This work concerns the development of a new direct parameter identification procedure for a class of nonlinear reaction- diffusion equations. We assume to know the model equations with the exception of a set of constant parameters, such as diffusivity or reaction term parameters. Using the Finite Element Method we are able to transform the original partial differential equation into a set of ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool for Reducing Animals in Biomedical Research: An Application in Dermatology

F. Rossi[1] and R. Pini[1]
[1]Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara”, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy

In biomedical research the use of animal models gives rise to several ethical problems. COMSOL Multiphysics® may be used as a non-animal technique, very useful in overcoming all these concerns. In this presentation a particular application in dermatology is shown. Bioheat equation mode and diffusion approximation were used to design a theoretical model of blue LED light interaction with an ...

Contactless Excitation of MEMS Resonant Sensors by Electromagnetic Driving

M. Baù[1], V. Ferrari[1], and D. Marioli[1]
[1]Department of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

A contactless electromagnetic principle for the excitation of mechanical vibrations in resonant structures has been investigated. The principle relies on no specific magnetic property of the resonator except electrical conductivity and can be adopted for employing the structures as resonant sensors for measurements either in environments not compliant with the requirements of active electronics ...

Dependence of Potential and Ion Distribution on Electrokinetic Radius in Infinite and Finite-length Nano-channels

J. Schiffbauer[1], J. Fernandez[2], W. Booth[1], K. Kelly[3], A. Timperman[3], and B. Edwards[1]
[1]Physics Dept. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Chemical Engineering Dept,West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[3]Dept. of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

A site-binding/dissociation model is used to determine surface charge in numerical studies of the equilibrium potential and ion distributions inside infinite and finite-length nano-channels. This COMSOL model allows us to investigate the response of surface (zeta) potential to environmental parameters such as reservoir salt concentration, solution pH and wall separation. The resulting ion and ...

Investigation of Natural Convective Air Flow Field through Comb Channels

R. Umhack, M. Rainer, M. Tamerle, and G. Hillmer
Process-, Environmental- and Bio- technology, MCI - University of Applied Sciences, Innsbruck, Austria

A new type of radiator with a package of combs, to gain a larger area for heat exchange, instead of trapezoidal convector plates, is investigated. The main aim is to find the optimal comb diameter. To solve this problem, CFD (computational fluid dynamics) with COMSOL Multiphysics is used. A chart showing radiator power was produced, which includes radiator power for different temperatures and ...

Modeling the Behavior of Single Particle during Drying Process

S. Bellur, B. Agasanpura, and C. Coronella
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a computational model describing transport phenomena in transient biosolids drying. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to perform the simulations, with two spatial dimensions. After a time step of 0.1 s, we found that the solid reached thermal equilibrium with the surrounding gas, which is consistent with empirical correlations.

Computation of Electrical Parameters for Different Conducting Bodies Using Finite Element Method

S. Musa and M. Sadiku
College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA

Accurate and efficient computation of electrical parameters for different conducting bodies represents an essential part of spacecraft modern integrated circuits. In this paper, we will illustrate modeling of inhomogeneous quasi-TEM shielded rectangular, cylindrical, and triangular transmission lines using COMSOL Multiphysics. Excellent agreement with some results obtained previously is ...

Lava Tubes at Shallow Depth

M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy

Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths.  In this work we ...

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