N. Osonwanne, and J.V. Clark
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
In this paper we present a method to reduce the comb drive gap in micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) beyond the minimum fabrication feature size. The benefit of reducing the gap space between comb drive fingers is to increase its sensitivity to changes in capacitance due to displacements. The minimum feature size of standard fabrication foundries is 2 microns. To reduce the gap beyond a ...
S. Park, S. Chung, and J. Yeow
University of Waterloo, Systems Design Engineering, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
A micromirror or a torsional actuator in general has been proven to be one of the most popular actuators fabricated by Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) technology in many industrial and biomedical applications such as RF switches, a laser scanning display, an optical switch matrix, and biomedical image systems. In this paper, two stacked micromirrors are presented and analyzed to show ...
Using Perturbation Force Analysis for the Design of a Levitronc: an Application of Magnetic Levitation
Z. De Grève[1,2], C.Versèle, and J.Lobry
Faculty of Engineering, Mons, Belgium
Belgian Fund for Research, F.R.S./FNRS, ResearchFellow, Belgium
The Levitron offers an interesting demonstration of natural magnetic levitation using permanent magnets. It is composed by a small magnetized top and a circular magnetized base with a hole on its center. The top is placed in an area where magnetic field configuration and gyroscopic torques allow the existence of a locus of stable equilibrium. In this paper, we intend to dimension and realize a ...
C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden
Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...
Smiths Detection (Watford) Ltd, Watford, UK
This paper presents results on the visualisation of tracks of charged particles in a non-uniform magnetic field. The field modelled is that generated by a coil driven by DC current. The motion of typical particles, such as electrons, ions and multiply-charged heavy particles has been simulated. The motion is initially assumed to be in vacuum, so that collisions with neutral particles can ...
J. Wirth, S. Jack, M. Köhl, and K.-A. Weiß
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg, Germany
The key issues of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems are research and development of solar technologies for the fast growing market of solar energy. This paper presents examples of the usage of COMSOL Multiphysics: The ingress of water is a serious reason for the degradation of photovoltaic modules which can hardly be measured using experimental approaches yet. Therefore, a ...
Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Grape Fruit. A Comparison Between a 3D FEM Model and Experimental Results
E. Madieta, I. Zouid, R. Siret, and F. Jourjon
Laboratoire GRAPPE, ESA, Angers, France
Fresh fruits and vegetables are gaining importance in the human diet because they contain many beneficial compounds. Among these compounds, phenols are of vital importance due to their antioxidant properties. It is well evident from previous researches that the skin of red grapes is considered a good source of phenols. The aim of this work is to simulate the extraction procedure of phenols in ...
M. Qin, and H. Bau
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA
The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...
S. Baskaran, S. Thiruvannamalai, N. Ramachandran, F.M. Sebastian, and J.Y. Fu
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
This paper presents a novel methodology towards the design, analysis, and the fabrication process involved in developing a cost effective method to create a piezoelectric actuator by means of the flexoelectric effect. The basic physical equations of the flexoelectric effect and the qualitative analysis of the flexoelectric actuator are done using COMSOL Multiphysics. This effect is used to align ...
O. Nasir, M.Fall, T.S. Nguyen[1,2], and E. Evgin
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The last glacial cycle in the Northern Hemisphere started approximately 120,000 year ago. During that cycle, Southern Ontario was buried under a continental ice cap, with a maximum thickness of up to 3km. The ice cap retreated approximately 10,000 years ago. The COMSOL Multiphysics code is used to model the physical processes of the impact of past glaciations on the evolution of hydraulic system ...