E. Engström, B. Balfors, and R. Thunvik
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this study we evaluate transport, retention and subsistence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a common fecal indicator bacteria, in a model (2x1m) of a constructed wetland. Transport occurs in the unsaturated and saturated zone. Inactivation is accounted for as a kinetic first-order process. Retention is assumed to be dominated by solid-air-water interface straining and is modeled with a kinetic ...
A. Regtmeier, A. Weddemann, I. Ennen, and A. Hütten
Dept. of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dept. of Elect. Eng. and Comp. Science, Lab. for Electromagnetic and Electronic Syst., MIT, Cambridge, MA
Institute of Solid State Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Superparamagnetic nanoparticles have a wide range of applications in modern electric devices. Recent developments have identified them as components for a new type of magnetoresistance sensor. We propose a model for the numeric evaluation of the sensor properties. Based on the solutions of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for a set of homogeneously magnetized spheres arranged in highly ...
J-W. Braxton Bragg, J. Dickens, A. Neuber, and K. Long
Center for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
Dept. of Mathematics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
Ferrimagnetic based, coaxial nonlinear transmission lines (NLTLs) provide a means to generate sub-nanosecond risetime pulses (from nano-second input pulses) or megawatt level high power microwave oscillations, depending on the geometry, material, and external bias fields. This investigation uses the commercially available, finite element solver COMSOL to provide insight into pulse behavior. ...
V. Sista, and E. Bhattarchaya
Microelectronics and MEMS Lab
Department of Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of technology Madras
A MEMS based Knudsen’s pressure gauge working in the range of 1e-5 mbar to 10 mbar is designed and simulated in COMSOL. The working principle is based on Knudsen’s forces that arise when two plates are held at different temperatures and their separation is comparable to the mean free path of the ambient gas molecules. The forces change the separation between the plates and capacitance between ...
Tokyo University of Science
This presentation includes: * A discussion on the role of properties in the micro-world * A simulation of a temperature-dependent property * A numerical model that investigates the effects of temperature and velocity fields This paper is in Japanese.
A Method for Efficient Calculation of Diffusion and Reactions of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry
Kristian Dreij, Qasim Ali Chaudhry, Bengt Jernström, Ralf Morgenstern, and Michael Hanke
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
A general description of effects of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is facing several problems. Firstly, most toxic compounds are hydrophobic and partition phenomena strongly influence their behaviour. Secondly, cells display considerable heterogeneity regarding the presence, activity and distribution of enzymes participating in the metabolism of foreign compounds i.e. bioactivation ...
Multiphysics Process Simulation of Static Magnetic Fields in High Power Laser Beam Welding of Aluminum
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
The article deals with the application of the Hartmann effect in high power laser beam welding of aluminum. The movement of liquid metal in a magnetic field causes electric currents which build a Lorentz force that decelerates the original flow. The numerical model calculates the influence of a steady magnetic field on partial penetration keyhole laser beam welding of aluminum. Three-dimensional ...
Optimized Illumination Directions of Single-Photon Detectors Integrated with Different Plasmonic Structures
M. Csete, Á. Sipos, A. Szalai, G. Szabó
Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
The optimal orientations of different single-photon detector designs were determined by COMSOL software package. Absorption of niobium-nitride (NbN) stripes in two different (p=220 nm, 3p=660 nm) periodic patterns integrated with plasmonic elements was studied. In OC-SNSPDs consisting of ~quarter-photon-wavelength nano-cavity the optimum direction is perpendicular incidence onto NbN stripes in P ...
T.C. Zhu, B. Liu, X. Liang
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during photodynamic therapy (PDT). A previously developed model that incorporates the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen, can be used to numerically calculate the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 using finite-element method (FEM). The formula of reacted ...
Optimized Cantilever-to-Anchor Configurations of Buckled Cantilever Plate Structures for Transducer Applications
A. Arpys Arevalo Carreno, D. Conchouso Gonzalez, I.G. Foulds
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Mecca, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The mechanical simulation and analysis of the cantilever-to-anchor configuration for an out-of-plane structure used in transducer applications is reported. The polymer-based Buckled Cantilever Plate “BCP” structure, gives the ability to orient an active device from a horizontal to a vertical position, once assembled. In this paper we compare four different cantilever-to-anchor configurations: ...