Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Induced Charge Electroosmosis (ICEO) on a Planar Surface

G. Soni, C. Meinhart, and T. Squires
University of California Santa Barbara

Induced Charge Electroosmosis (ICEO) refers to a fluid flow phenomenon in which an electric field induces a charge cloud (electric double layer) on a polarizable surface and sets up a tangential electric field to move this charge cloud along the surface, which in turn causes a fluid flow pattern. In our case, we considered nonlinear effects such as nonlinear capacitance, surface conduction, ...

Computational Micro Fluid Dynamics: Part 1: Basic Principles and Simulation

F. Schönfeld
Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz, Fluidik und Simulation, Mainz

The development of micro-TAS, Lab-on-a-Chip-systems and micro-reactors relies on the extensive use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The presentation aims to highlight specific µ-fluidic features, adequate simulation methods and benefits in context with the design of microfluidic systems. A case study discusses the modeling and characterization of a microfluidic device combining ...

Surface Acoustic Wave Generation in Wurtzite and Zincblende Piezoelectric Materials

D.B. Carstensen, T.A. Christensen, and M. Willatzen
University of Southern Denmark

A surface acoustic wave (SAW) device consists of a piezoelectric material (or film) on which interdigitated transducers (IDT) are placed. Here, they are analyzed based on PZT-5H wurtzite ceramics and InSb zincblende crystals. In PZT-5H, it is possible to generate SAW’s by aligning the interdigitated transducers (IDT) with the crystal axes. In the case with InSb zincblende structures ...

Simulation of Electromagnetic Enhancement in Transition Metamaterials using COMSOL

I. Mozjerin[1], T. Gibson[1], and N.M. Litchinitser[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA

Metamaterials are a new class of artificial materials, which possess various unusual properties. One of these properties is a negative index of refraction produced by setting both the dielectric permittivity ε and the magnetic permeability μ of the material less than zero. Unique electromagnetic phenomena occurring at the interface between negative-index materials and conventional ...

Stress Field Simulation for Quantitative Ultrasound Elasticity Imaging

L. Yuan[1] and P.C. Pedersen[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA

Finite element models using COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB were developed to solve the problem of stress distribution interior homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible elastic solid material under known vertical external compression with a rectangular contact surface. Moreover, comparison between these results and analytical solutions was used to further validate that stress drops off with ...

Image-based Simulation of Electrical Impedance Techniques Applied on the Human Thorax for Cardio-pulmonary Applications

A. Harkara[1], R.M. Heethaar[2], R.T. Cotton[1], and F.K. Hermans[2]

[1]Simpleware Ltd., Exeter, UK
[2]VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands

For medical diagnostic purposes there is an increasing need for non-(or minimal) invasive techniques to measure all kinds of parameters that can provide insight in the functioning of cells, organs or organ systems. Currently, Impedance Cardiography (ICG) is used for measurements of the heart and Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) is used for investigating lung tissue condition. The PDE is ...

Deep Desulfurization of Diesel Using a Single-Phase Micro-Reactor

G. Jovonavic[1], J. Jones[1], and A. Yokochi[1]
[1]School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.

Coupled Models of Lithospheric Flexure and Magma Chamber Pressurization at Large Volcanoes on Venus

G. Galgana[1], P. McGovern[2], and E. Grosfils[2]

[1]Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
[2]Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA

We present an implementation of the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics to model the state of stress associated with the emplacement of large volcanic edifices on the surface of a planet. These finite element models capture two essential physical processes: (1) Elastic flexure of the lithosphere beneath the edifice load, and (2) Pressurization of a magma-filled chamber that serves ...

An Efficient Finite Element Analysis on an RF Structure Used to Evaluate the Effect of Microwave Radiation on Uveal Melanoma Cells

A. Dulipovici[1], D. Roman[2], I. Stiharu[2], and V. Nerguizian[1]

[1]École de technologie supérieure, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
[2]Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

The use of Microwave/RF energy on cancer cells is explored for tumor ablation using medium power level ranging between a few Watts to about 50 Watts. In this research, low power levels, less than 100 mWatt, are used to evaluate the effect of this energy on Uveal melanoma cells by proliferation tests. The COMSOL simulation of the RF structure used to evaluate the radiation energy on ...

Simulation eines Festkörperaktuators mit COMSOL Multiphysics

T. Müller, and H. Haase
Universität Hannover, Institut für Grundlagen der Elektrotechnik, Hannover

Bei herkömmlichen Verbrennungsmotoren werden die Ein- und Auslassventile für Kraftstoff-Luft-Gemisch und Abgase nach wie vor rein mechanisch durch Nockenwellen gesteuert. Die Verwendung voneinander unabhängiger Ventilaktoren ermöglicht eine hohe Effizienzsteigerung. Zur Abschätzung des konstruktiven Aufwands eines Aktors auf Basis magnetischer Formgedächtnismetalle wird ein einfaches ...

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