S. Zahid , P. R. Hobson ,
 Brunel University London, London, United Kingdom
Vacuum phototriodes (VPT) have been used as photodetectors for many years in particle physics experiments. For example, they were used in the OPAL experiment at LEP and are currently used in the endcap Electromagnetic Calorimeter of the CMS experiment, at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider. Existing VPTs are fast, low-gain devices that are able to operate in strong magnetic fields at angles up to ...
E. Furlani, and A. Baev
The Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
We study cylindrical and spherical shell structures that have cloaking material properties proposed by Pendry et al. We use 2D and 3D time-harmonic analysis to study the field distribution and power flow for various arrangements of these structures. We have shown that the COMSOL RF solver is well suited for the analysis of cloaking metamaterial structures If cloaking material properties can be ...
Experimentally Matched Finite Element Modeling of Thermally Actuated SOI MEMS Micro-Grippers Using COMSOL Multiphysics
M. Guvench, and J. Crosby
University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA
In “Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems” shortly known as MEMS, one of the most important and effective principle of creating transduction of electrical power to displacement force is thermal expansion. A slim beam of MEMS material, typically Silicon, is heated by the application of electrical current via Joule heating; it expands and creates motion. In the design of many MEMS devices ...
B. Baudouy and F. Visentin
CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with ...
M. Cavenago, P. Veltri, E. Gazza, G. Serianni, and P. Agostinetti
INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
The development of powerful negative ion sources requires precise and versatile simulation tools to predict the emittance of the extracted ion beams and the heat load on the electrodes. A first tool is a determination of the plasma beam interface which is accomplished by a set of macro based in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Notwithstanding the strong nonlinearities involved, a proper ...
S.M. Musa, M.N.O. Sadiku, and O.D. Momoh
Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne, IN, USA
This paper presents an analysis approach of multicondcutor quasi-TEM lines transmission interconnect in a single dielectric region and multimode waveguides using the finite element method (FEM). FEM is especially suitable and effective for the computation of electromagnetic fields in strongly inhomogeneous media. We illustrate that FEM is suitable and effective as other methods for modeling of ...
D. Remaoun, and A. Boutaous
Département de Physique, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie, Oran, Algérie
The present work aims to describe the behavior of the interface using the method of load transfer between fiber and matrix in a composite material. Our contribution was first to simulate the mechanical behavior of a composite, for a given radius of the fiber was able to automate the result for different rays thus different proportions of the reinforcement, the simulation was done with software ...
A. Bradji, E. Holzbecher, and M.S. Litz
Department of Mathematics, University of Annaba, Algeria
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
It is well known that the convergence rate of a numerical model is significantly reduced, when the genuine character of the setting with differential equation and boundary condition is not given anymore. Here we examine the decrease of convergence order for models using COMSOL in which the problem set-up includes a coupling between a 1D and a 2D subdomain. In terms of physics we are dealing with ...
COMSOL Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Pollutant Transport in a Two-Dimensional Geometry with Heterogeneities
M. Gobbert, M. Whitmore, B. Peercy, M. Baker, and D. Trott
University of Maryland Baltimore County
The Delmarva Peninsula is located on the East Coast of the United States, between the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean. Industrial farming in the Delmarva Peninsula leads to levels of nutrients nitrogen, which grossly exceed natural levels and greatly impair the health of the bay. The main source of water carrying excess nitrogen to streams is groundwater. We use the software package COMSOL ...
The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle
A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...