A. Solimeno, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
The aim of present work is to present and calibrate a new mechanistic model that includes physical and biokinetic processes to reproduce the algae growth in photobioreactor or ponds during long-term scenarios. A COMSOL Multiphysics® model is used to implement the microalgae processes mainly based on River Water Quality Model 1 (RWQM1) (Reichert et al., 2011). The main innovation of the model is ...
N. Nama , T. J. Huang , F. Costanzo ,
 Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) refers to a class of problems in which the motions of fluid and solid are coupled. FSI is of great significance in many applications such as aero-elasticity, biomechanics, and design of various engineering systems. Typically, the multiphysics involved in the FSI problems render them too complex to solve analytically, necessitating the use of numerical ...
J. M. Stauber , B. A. Marmo ,
 Xi Engineering Ltd, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Tonal noise from wind turbines can have effects on neighboring residences and its emission can result in strong regulatory penalties that can include the closure of wind farms. The authors present a model of a new broadband damping approach where containers filled with EniDamp™, an Advance Particle Damping (APD) material. The containers, so-called APD pods, are magnetically fixed to wind ...
M. Karlsson , J. Yannie ,
 Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
In this work a modified anisotropic creep model with structure for soft soils was implemented by using the Physics Builder. The model is validated against boundary value laboratory test such as undrained tri-axial tests and CRS (constant rate of strain) tests. The implemented user-defined MAC-s constitutive model seems to capture many of the important behaviors seen in soft soils.
Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling for an Optimized Design of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting MEMS Generator
I. Kuehne, A. van der Linden, J. Seidel, M. Schreiter, L. Fromme, and A. Frey
Siemens AG, Corporate Research & Technologies, Munich, Germany
Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Göttingen, Germany
This paper reports the design of a piezoelectric energy harvesting micro generator for an energy autonomous tire pressure monitoring wireless sensor node. For our design we use a piezoelectric MEMS generator approach without additional mass. The intrinsic mass of the cantilever is in the microgram region and the resulting acceleration forces are very small. The generator has a triangular ...
S. F. Azam
IIT Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Over the last decade, electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) has become one of the most blistering and versatile tool in digital microfluidics. It enables control over fluid shape and flow by electrical signals alone, which is viable by effective utilization of the excess charge accumulation at the interface between the droplet and the dielectric surface, also by polarization of line tension at the ...
A. Schlott , J. Hörstmann , O. Andersen , J. Meinert ,
 Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Branch Lab Dresden, Dresden, Germany
 Denso Automotive Deutschland GmbH, Department Heat Exchanger Application, Eching, Germany
Latent heat storage devices use the melting enthalpy of a so-called phase change material (PCM) to store thermal energy. Open porous metals, such as 3D wire structures, allow the design of systems with tailored storage capacity and power. A geometric unit cell was identified, modelled and COMSOL Multiphysics® was used to investigate the transient behavior of the PCM melting front. By choosing ...
D. Das, S. Sohail, S. Das, and K. Biswas
Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur, India
School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, India
Electrowetting on Dielectrics (EWOD)systems is widely practiced digital microfluidic technique, used in Lab-on-a-Chip (LoC) system for biomedical application. In EWOD, with applied potential, the droplet minimizes its surface energy by transiting towards the actuated electrode. The problems with EWOD device for biological sample are that it will damage the cells if applied voltage across it ...
J. Zhang, Y. Mizuyama, W. Xiong, Y. Zhou , and Y. Lu
Panasonic Boston Laboratory, Newton, MA, USA
University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Simulation of laser pulse-train (25ns, 60 kHz and 3000 pulses) heating Sol-Gel thin film using COMSOL Multiphysics software is investigated. The results show two kinds of temperatures formed on film surface by laser pulse-train heating. One is a single pulse induced transient peak-temperature, which is up to ~1635oC on both Si and glass substrates. The other is the accumulated ...
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland
An external magnetic field imposed on a ferrofluid with a temperature gradient, results in a non-uniform magnetic body force, which leads to a form of heat transfer called thermomagnetic convection. A magnet placed near the device will always attract the colder ferrofluid more than warmer. Viscous, two-dimensional, laminar and incompressible ferromagnetic fluid flow, under the influence of a ...