E. Abarca, A. Nardi, F. Grandia, J. Molinero
Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers of ...
Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®
M. Muñoz Rojo, J. Jose Romero, D. Ramos, D. Borca-Tasciuc, T. Borca-Tasciuc, M. Martín Gonzalez
Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA
Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...
R.R. Thorat, H. Bruining
Petroleum Engineering, CiTG, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
Recovery of oil by gas injection is usually inefficient due to the low viscosity of the gas, which results in bypassing of the oil. By adding surfactant solutions it is possible to get in-situ foam formation. Foam has a much higher “viscosity” and hence does not bypass the oil, leading to enhanced oil recovery. In this context, the foam propagation is studied experimentally and theoretically. ...
Submarine Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulations - A Gas/Liquid Fluid Flow Model for Gas Hydrate Containing Sediments
S. Schlüter, T. Hennig, G. Janicki, G. Deerberg
Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany
In the medium term, gas hydrate reservoirs in the subsea sediment are intended as deposits for carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel consumption. This idea is supported by the fact, that CO2 hydrates are more stable than methane hydrates at certain conditions. The potential of producing methane by depressurization and/or by injecting CO2 is studied in the frame of the research project SUGAR. ...
Multiphysics Simulation of Conjugated Heat Transfer and Electrostatic Field on Application of Electrostatic Chucks (ESCs) Using 3D-2D Model Coupling
K. Hsu, C. Li, J. Yang, J. Chen, J. Chang
Institute of Applied Mechanics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
There has been considerable interest in the electrostatic chucks (ESCs) in recent years. Wafer cooling by means of gas at the backside of wafers plays an important role in electrostatic chucks and it uses an electrostatic potential to secure the wafer. In this study, the correlation of the electric voltage and electrostatic force distribution are considered to the ability of heat conductance. For ...
Design of Arrayed Micro-Structures to get Super-Hydrophobic Surface for Single Droplet and Bulk Flow Conditions
A. Mall, P. R. Jelia, A. Agrawal, R. K. Singh, and S. S. Joshi
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Surfaces with water contact angle greater than 150º are super-hydrophobic in nature and possess extraordinary water repelling properties. Various researches on wettability of textured surfaces in recent years have shown that texturing surfaces with micron-sized and nanosized patterns improves their hydrophobicity to a great extent. This report aims at optimizing the dimensions of ...
Finite Element Modeling and Simulation of Electromagnetic Forces in Electromagnetic Forming Processes: Case studies using COMSOL Multiphysics
A. N. Kumar, and M. Nabi
 Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Electromagnetic Forming (EMF) is a promising and relatively new manufacturing technology having significant advantages over conventional forming processes. A primary characteristic of this process is use of noncontact electromagnetic forces to achieve forming and shaping of various metal work pieces. Mechanically, this is a high-strain rate forming process. From the modeling and simulation ...
L. Braci, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Non-thermal plasma, generated in atmospheric pressure discharges, has been investigated in our laboratory in order to treat highly diluted (300 ppm to 1000 ppm) volatile pollutant. The collision of electrons created in the discharge with atmospheric air, leads to the formation of reactive species that can totally or partially oxidize the pollutants at near ambient temperature. The purpose of the ...
T. D. Dreeben
OSRAM SYLVANIA, Beverly, MA, USA
A fully unsteady compressible 2D flow model is used to reproduce observed fluid-mechanical arc instability in a horizontally-running pure-mercury HID lamp. The model represents a 2D lamp cross section normal to the arc, and assumes an infinitely long lamp. Departure from the steady condition is driven by oscillating lamp current. Sound-wave propagation and induced flows result from full coupling ...
P. Cantillon-Murphy1, E. Adalsteinsson1,2, and M. Zahn1
1Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
2MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
The application of ferrofluid suspensions has become increasingly important in biomedicine with the development of SPIO contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).This work explores the application of established ferrohydrodynamic theory to the field of MR imaging with the intention of using the characteristic ferrofluid spin-velocity as a source of image contrast in MRI.A particular ...