V. S. Kshirsagar, P. M. Pawar
SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
Effective suspension and settling are critical for controlling biomass retention in a biogas digester. This paper developed a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to simulate the hydrodynamic characteristics of multiphase flow in biogas digester. This is carried out by using COMSOL Multiphysics® software for understanding the behavior of slurries of different viscosity. This study helps to ...
H. Krishnan , T. Zhu , Y. Zeng ,
 University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
The study investigates the thermal and mechanical effect of a braking action on a ventilated carbon ceramic brake disc assembly and determines the best vane profiles for maximum cooling and dissipation of heat.
J. Holt , C. Torres-Sanchez , P. Conway , M. G. Garcia-Romero ,
 The Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
Functionally graded materials (FGM) are those that contain chemical, phase or structural gradients. Whilst the design of functionally graded structures is well researched in areas such as shape optimisation and topology optimization, their manufacture is still in development. One potential method for manufacturing functional gradients within materials is the application of sonication, this is, ...
S. Ebrahim , F. B. Cheung , A. Alshayji ,
 Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Kuwait
This research studies possible ways to mitigate failure of a nuclear reactor, in which the coolant supply to the nuclear core has been compromised, known as Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA). One possible way to decrease the severity of the incident is to quickly quench the fuel rods in water. The heat transfer and hydrodynamic mechanisms involved in this quenching process are numerically ...
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...
Y. Davletshin, J. C. Kumaradas
Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has matured into a clinical modality for tissue imaging and functional cancer cell research. It uses a pulsed laser to irradiate a region and generate a thermally-induced acoustic pressure wave that can be collected by an ultrasound transducer. The optical absorption/PA contrast of the region of interest can be enhanced by the use of plasmonic nanoparticles. The ...
T. Lohner , A. Ziegltrum , K. Stahl ,
 Gear Research Centre (FZG), Technical University of Munich (TUM), Garching, Germany
Thermal elastohydrodynamic lubricated (TEHL) contacts occur very frequently in drive technology and thus in gear drives. In this presentation, the implementation of a finite element based TEHL simulation approach for gear contacts in COMSOL Multiphysics® software is shown. The physically based simulation approach used is different to most of the existing TEHL simulations and is required to ...
Calculation of Capacitances of Symmetrical Triple Coupled CPW Transmission Lines and Multilayer CPW Broadside Coupled Lines Balun
S. Musa, M. N. O. Sadiku
Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
The accurate estimate of values of electromagnetic parameters are essential to determine the final circuit speeds and functionality for designing of high-performance integrated circuits and integrated circuits packaging. In this paper, the quasi-TEM analyses of symmetrical triple coupled Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) transmission lines and multilayer CPW broadside coupled-line balun are successfully ...
E. C. Santos, J. H. Sales, C. Lima
Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil
Instituto Federal da Bahia, Irecê, BA, Brazil
This paper compares the efficiency of a vertical solar dryer vis-à-vis the traditional drying method by the means of a computer simulation. The said program considers geometric, thermal and mechanical effects so as to simulate heat transfer via conduction, convection and radiation. We later ran additional tests with simulated data on the greenhouses(traditional method) so as to compare the ...
L. Helmich, A. Huetten
Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Thermography measurements on metallic thin films are challenging due to reflections from the environment. We present a thin "gold black" absorption layer to deal with this issue. A multiphysics model is introduced to correct the experimentally obtained data for undesirable heat transfer effects between the metallic sample and the absoption layer.