Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Nanoscale Heat Transfer using Phonon Boltzmann Transport Equation

S. Sihn[1,2], and A.K. Roy[2]

[1]Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA
[2]University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics was used to solve a phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) for nanoscale heat transport problems. One dimensional steady-state and transient BTE problems were successfully solved based on finite element and discrete ordinate methods for spatial and angular discretizations, respectively, by utilizing the built-in feature of the COMSOL, Coefficient Form of PDE.

Improving Detection Sensitivity for Nanoscale Targets Through Combined Photonic and Plasmonic Techniques

G. Zhang[1], Y. Zhao[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Photonic technique such as the whispering gallery mode (WGM) is often used for detection of small particles like bacteria and viruses. It offers good detection sensitivity and is advantageous over other detection techniques because the detection can be label free. However, the detection sensitivity may not be sufficient when the size of the detection target is in nanoscale. To change this, we use ...

Antenna and Plasmonic Properties of Scanning Probe Tips at Optical and Terahertz Regimes - new

A. Haidary[1], P. Gr├╝tter[1], Y. Miyahara[1]
[1]Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

A wide variety of near-field optical phenomena such as apertureless near-field scanning microscopy (ANSM) at optical and terahertz (THz) regimes and surface enhanced Raman scattering relies on the electric field enhancement at the end of a sharp tip. Achieving and controlling this electric field enhancement is a key challenge for a wide range of applications such as surface modification, data ...

3-D Finite Element Modeling of a Nanostructure Enhanced SAW Sensor

Y.L. Rao[1], and G. Zhang[1-3]
[1] Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, The University of Georgia
[2] Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, The University of Georgia
[3] Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia

Integration of surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices with nanostructures has gained interest in the development of sensors with high sensitivity. To better design nanostructure integrated SAW devices, it is essential to model three dimensional (3-D) SAW devices and analyze the wave propagation characteristics in nanostructure-enhanced SAW devices. In this work, a 3-D finite element model of ...

Design and Analysis of Micro-Heaters for Temperature Optimization using COMSOL Multiphysics for MEMS Based Gas Sensor

V. S. Selvakumar[1], L. Sujatha[1]
[1]Rajalakhmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Micro-Heaters are the key components in sub-miniature micro-sensors, especially in gas sensors. The metal oxide gas sensors utilize the properties of surface adsorption to detect changes in resistance as a function of varying concentration of different gases [5]. To detect the resistive changes, the heater temperature must be in the requisite temperature range over the heater area. Hence the ...

Design and Simulation of MEMS Based Gyroscope for Vestibular Prosthesis

R. Nithya[1], K. Kavitha[1], R. K. Shahana[1], A. Gupta[1], M. Alagappan[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

The primary function of the vestibular system is to provide the brain with information about the body\'s motion and orientation. The absence of this information causes blurred vision and spatial disorientation, vertigo, dizziness, imbalance, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms often characterize dysfunction of the vestibular system. Our aim is to design vestibular prosthesis using COMSOL ...

Heat Transfer in Crossflow Heat Exchangers for Application with Microreactors - new

R. Pryor[1]
[1]Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

This paper explores methods of improving the heat transfer coefficient in a crossflow heat exchanger as would be employed in conjunction with an experimental or production microreactor. This derivation of the Cross-Flow Heat Exchanger from the COMSOL Multiphysics® software Model Library modifies the substrate geometry by adding two additional layers and uses the material copper in certain ...

Design and Simulation of an Orbiting Piezoelectric MEMS Gyroscope Based on Detection of Phase-Shift Signals - new

S. Gorelick[1], J. R. Dekker[1], B. Guo[1], H. Rimminen[1]
[1] VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

The feasibility of phase-sensitive detection of angular-rates using bi-directional orbiting piezoresonators suspended by thick annular springs with thin-film aluminium nitride piezoactuators on top of them was investigated. The ring-shaped flexures are more suitable for supporting the orbiting motion due to their angle-dependent spring constant. The response of the orbiting resonators to angular ...

Simulation of Clamped-Free and Clamped-Clamped Microbeams Dynamics for Nonlinear Mechanical Switch Applications

M. Uncuer, B. Marinkovic, and H. Koser
Department of Electrical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

This work focuses on the nonlinear dynamics of clamped-free and clamped-clamped microbeams under electrostatic and shock loading for microswitch applications. This type of analysis essentially requires the consideration of the well-known "pull-in" phenomenon under dynamic conditions. In this work, we show that a micro switch that makes contact above a certain voltage but is otherwise immune to ...

Design, Simulation and Study of MEMS Based Micro-Needles and Micro-Pump for Biomedical Applications

P. K. Podder, D. Mallick, D. P. Samajdar, and A. Bhattacharyya
Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics
University of Calcutta
Kolkata
West Bengal, India

In this paper, we have addressed the issues related to the design and simulation of MEMS based silicon micro-needles for insertion of fluid into the dermis layer and into the subcutaneous fat layer. In addition, a poly-silicon micro-pump based on the principle of electrostatic actuation has been designed and simulated which can be integrated with the proposed micro-needles to control the fluid ...

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