B.W. Reed, T.B. LaGrange, G.H. Campbell, and N.D. Browning[1,2]
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
The Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a unique instrument able to capture images of fast-evolving microstructure with exposure times of only 15 ns. This is more than six orders of magnitude faster than conventional in situ electron microscopy and has enabled new insights into phase transformations, chemical reactions, and materials ...
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, USA
Photovoltaic systems can degrade with moisture. The addition of an edge-seal containing a desiccant can reduce the amount of water reaching the interior. This report discusses the modeling of the water transport into the system to determine the amount of edge seal and desiccant required. The moving freezing front of the Stefan heat-transport problem is used to model a moving moisture front. ...
G. Mongatti, A. Borelli
Marchesini Group, Pianoro, Italy
In this model a three-dimensional heat transfer analysis was performed by using COMSOL Multiphysics\' Heat Transfer Module. The model is about the heating of a set of vials (Figure 1) in a current of hot air in the laminar regime. We used time dependent studies to predict the thermal behavior of the glass and to estimate the temperatures in the various points of the bottles at various times. ...
AC Electrothermal Characterization of Doped-Si Heated Microcantilevers Using Frequency-Domain Finite Element Analysis
K. Park, S. Hamian, A. M. Gauffreau, T. Walsh
Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Department of Mechanical, Industrial & Systems Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA
This work investigates the frequency-dependent electrothermal behaviors of freestanding doped-silicon heated microcantilever probes operating under the periodic (ac) Joule heating. The transient heat conduction equation for each component (i.e., the low-doped heater region, the high-doped constriction region, and the high-doped leg region) is solved using the general heat transfer module for DC ...
A. Pellegrini, A. Beucci, and F. Costa
ALTRAN Italia, Pisa, Italy
In this paper a methodology for calculating the infrared signature of complex objects is presented. The transient thermal analysis allows us to evaluate the temperature distribution on the investigated object, pointing out which parts tend to be warmer. These temperature values are handled in the post processing phase in order to evaluate the zero range radiance distribution and the radiance of ...
Bourouga, B.1, Le Meur, G.1, Garnier, B.1, Michaud, J.F.2, Mohammed-Brahim, T.2
1 Laboratoire de Thermocinétique de Nantes
2 IETR – Groupe de Microélectronique-Université Rennes I
Development of new handling microsystems needs integration of field effect thin film transistors made directly on various low temperature substrates, as glass for example, with other functions. Argon laser is used to melt completely and then to crystallize 400 nm thick amorphous silicon films. However, the implementation of this process generates cracking and destruction of the silicon thin film ...
J. D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The only known supercritical hydrogen heat transfer data, at similar conditions to the HFIR CS, was taken by NASA in the 1960s. This rocket-engine test data did not compare well with any computer simulation results.It was hypothesized that the reason for this discrepancy was due to the large heat fluxes in the NASA rocket engines and unique hydrogen fluid properties. Therefore, a need existed to ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each ...
Y. Wang, D. Uwe Sauer
Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...
D. Rossi, P. Scotton
University of Padova, Department of Geosciences, Padova, Italy
The research aims to clarify some aspects of the thermo-fluid dynamics of woody biomass flue gas, within the twisted conduit inside the heat accumulation stoves, and exposes also some analysis about the heat transport and heat exchange processes. The high temperature flue gas flows in the conduit, releasing heat to the refractory. The heat stored in the refractory is then released to the ...