Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS)

M. Rühl[1], G. Dietrich[2], E. Pflug[1], S. Braun[2], A. Leson[2]
[1]TU Dresden, Laser and Surface Technology, Dresden, Germany
[2]IWS Dresden, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Dresden, Germany

Established joining techniques like welding, soldering or brazing typically are characterized by a large amount of heat load of the components. Especially in the case of heat sensitive structures like MEMS this often results in stress induced deformation and degradation or even damaging of the parts. A back door of this problem are Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS). These foils consist of ...

Simulating Thermotherapeutic Response Induced by Thermal Padding for Treating Acute Injuries

J. Kantor[1], Y. Feng[1], C. Acosta[1], E. Massingill[1]
[1]University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA

Cryotherapy and thermotherapy are common methods of treatment for acute injuries ranging from ankle sprains to complex surgery. The idea behind such treatment is that a change in temperature will reduce pain and constrict fluctuations in blood flow at the targeted area. The purpose of this study is to simulate the vascularized tissue reaction and the resulting blood flow fluctuation from thermal ...

Investigation of Thermal Contact Gas Gap Conductance Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. D. Freels[1], P. K. Jain[1], C. J. Hurt[2]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

Our safety analysis group in the Research Reactors Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a project to investigate the production of Pu-238 isotope for missions of deep space travel in the High Flux Research Reactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® has been used to support this activity in the past, and we have successfully installed and irradiated three different target designs. The gas-gap ...

Coupling Stochastic Boundary Perturbations with Fiber Drawing Heat Transfer

A. Emery[1]
[1]University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

The production of polymer fibers is done by drawing raw material (preform) in a vertical cylindrical furnace whose heated walls radiantly heat the preform. The wall temperatures are very high and the dominant heat transfer to the fiber is by radiation with little effect from the convective flow of gas in the furnace. In contrast, for polymer fibers the convection contribution is large, and ...

Equation Based Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media

S. Pemberton[1], K. Ekici[1], R. Arimilli[1]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

Perspiration during intense physical activity is an essential part of human thermoregulation. Clothing affects the cooling rate of the body. Heat and water vapor are coupled through evaporation and transported through the fabric. A model of the above system was developed for fabrics of different properties to simulate human cooling using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Equation-based modeling allows the ...

Statistical Sensitivity Analysis of Li-ion Pouch Battery Cell Dimension and Design

A. Samba[1], N. Omar[2], H. Gualous[3], Y. Firouz[2], O. Capron[2], M. Abdel MonemO[2], J. Smekens[2], P. Van den Bossche[2], J. Van Mierlo[2]
[1]VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium and UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
[2]VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium
[3]UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France

Multi-Scale and Multi-Dimensional (MSMD) modeling approaches have been proposed to simulate the thermal, electrical distributions and concentration behaviors of large size pouch cell. This approach is based on coupling of the energy balance with the Newman’s electrode model. Newman’s 1D electrochemical model is often used for small size batteries but not sufficient enough for large size where ...

Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer

A.S. Chandan[1], A. Mossadegh Pour[2], R. Steinberger-Wilckens[2]
[1]Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
[2]University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium vapor ...

Multiphysics Study into Compression Rings, Coated Against Uncoated - new

M. Dickinson[1,2], N. Renevier [1], J. Calderbank[2,3]
[1]The Jost Institute, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
[2]Racing to Research Team, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
[3]School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK

Internal combustion engine components have been a main research interest over many decades. The structural mechanics and dynamics of the piston rings has been a large focus of work in order to gain a greater understanding of the how the piston ring dynamics affect the piston ring. Piston rings are often coated to reduce the level of wear on the ring as they will suffer substantial levels of ...