Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part II-Modeling of Water-Refrigerant Exchanger

J. Fannou[1], C. Rouseau[1], L. Lamarche[1], S. Kajl[1]
[1]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Canada

In this section, we simulate the heat exchanger system in one dimension characterized by two coaxial tubes with ribbed inner tube using the equations of conservation of mass, conservation of momentum and energy. The COMSOL PDE interface is used to simulate the monophasic and biphasic flow of refrigerant R22 (Chlorodifluoromethane). Heat transfer in waterand inner wall of the exchanger are modeled ...

Thermo-Fluid Dynamics of Flue Gas in Heat Accumulation Stoves: Study Cases

D. Rossi[1], P. Scotton[1]
[1]University of Padova, Department of Geosciences, Padova, Italy

The research aims to clarify some aspects of the thermo-fluid dynamics of woody biomass flue gas, within the twisted conduit inside the heat accumulation stoves, and exposes also some analysis about the heat transport and heat exchange processes. The high temperature flue gas flows in the conduit, releasing heat to the refractory. The heat stored in the refractory is then released to the ...

Multiphysics and Simulation of MEMS based Bolometer for Detecting the Radiations in Nuclear Power Plants

K. Umapathi[1], S. Swetha[2], K. Ranjitha[2], K. Vinodh[2], K. Deebiga[1], R. Harisudarsan[1]
[1]United Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India
[2]Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

High performance micro sensors are important to detecting special nuclear materials radiations in different fields to save the globe. This paper is mainly focused on to develop a MEMS based bolometer for detecting the nuclear radiation to provide the high security in Nuclear power Plants. A thermally sensitive micro metal plate is designed and placed on a substrate through micro thermal link. The ...

Simulating HFIR Core Thermal Hydraulics Using 3D-2D Model Coupling

A. Travis[1], K. Ekici[1], J. Freels[2]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...

Several Benchmarks for Heat Transfer Problems in COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Titarenko[1]
[1]University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Nowadays all branches in modern science and industry tend to solve ever complicating problems. As the result the computational time increases considerably and it become very important to reduce the processing time and use available resources more efficiently. Parallelizing problem proves itself as efficient way to overcome the described problem. In the poster we compare different methods of ...

Study of Supercritical Coal Fired Power Plant Dynamic Responses for Grid Code Compliance - new

A. Gil-Garcia[1], I. Kings[1], B. Al-Duri[1]
[1]University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK

In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...

Modeling the Internal Pressure Distribution of a Fuel Cell

P.A. Koski[1] and M.S. Mikkola[1]
[1]Department of Applied Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland

A 3D FEM (Finite Element Method) model for predicting the internal pressure distribution of a fuel cell stack is presented. The model includes contact pair boundary conditions between the most critical components, thermal expansion and Young's moduli as a function of temperature. The model is used to investigate the changes in pressure distribution inside a PEM fuel cell at realistic temperatures ...

FE Model of Thermo-Mechanical Interaction in Rubber Blocks under Dynamic Cyclic Stress

L. Pešek
Petr Šulc Institute of Thermomechanics

In this paper, we investigate the feedback thermo-mechanical interaction in a pre-pressed rubber block used for resilient elements of composed tram wheels. The structural motion and heat conduction equations are solved interactively as a time-dependent problem. The equality of heat energy density and dissipation energy density realizes the coupling between the equations. The dissipation ...

Thermal Analysis Modeling of a High Current Solid Target for Radioisotope Production

S.-K. Kim1, S.-R. Kim2, and J. Kim1
1Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), Korea
2Hanil Nuclear Co., Ltd., Korea

The large-scale production of various radioisotopes is usually carried out with a disk type target system in which solid target materials are located in a stack and a cooled by forced water-cooling. Although the production yields of radioisotopes can be enhanced by employing high currents of proton beams, the maximum beam powers (beam energy multiplied by beam currents) deposited on targets is ...

The Influence of Channel Aspect Ratio on Performance of Optimized Thermal-Fluid Structures

E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Multiphysics optimization of thermal-fluid systems is an emerging area of interest with application to the development of high performance cooling technologies for electronic systems. This paper builds on previous work focused on the development of a computational platform for numerical optimization. Specifically, a sample optimized topology is briefly described, and the final result is ...

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