Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Enhanced Transient Modeling of Hybrid Photovoltaic Air (PVT) Module - new

R. Kiflemariam[1], M. Almaz[1], F. Zevallos[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...

Investigating the Performance of Mechanically Ventilated Double-Skin Facades with Solar Control Devices in the Main Cavity - new

C. G. Galante[1]
[1]Newtecnic Ltd, London, England, UK

The use of ventilated facades may reduce the cooling and heating energy demands of the building. Double-skin facades (DSFs) belong to the wider group of ventilated facades and currently represent one of the most interesting and studied facade systems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermal behaviour and performance of a DSF being designed for a real project in the Middle East ...

Simulation and Parametric Study of a PDMS Based Valveless Micropump Using FSI Approach

R. R. Gidde [1], P. M. Pawar [1],
[1] SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India

In this paper simulation and parametric study of a PDMS valveless micropump using Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) appraoch is presented. The simulation for the valveless micropump were carried out in COMSOL Multiphysics software. In case of a valveless micropump diffuser/nozzle element is connected to a chamber with an oscillating diaphragm. To improve the flow rate of the valveless micropump, ...

Thermal and Fluid-dynamical Optimisation of Passengers Comfort in a Touring Bus Cabin

G. Petrone[1], G. Fichera[2], and M. Scionti[1]
[1]Bus-Engineering S.r.l., Catania, Italy
[2]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Innovations in air-conditioning and other forms of cooling or ventilation can be viewed as technological solutions improving environmental conditions that are beneficial for human health, comfort and productivity. This study deals with a thermal and fluid-dynamics investigation of passenger comfort in a touring bus cabin. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used as a powerful design and optimization ...

Determination and Verification of the Forchheimer Coefficients for Ceramic Foam Filters using COMSOL CFD Modeling

M.W. Kennedy[1], K. Zhang[1], J.A. Bakken[1], R.E. Aune[1]
[1]Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Experiments have been conducted with water at velocities from ~0.015-0.77 m/s to determine the permeability of 50 mm thick commercially available 30, 40, 50 and 80 Pores Per Inch (PPI) Ceramic Foam Filters (CFF) used for liquid metal filtration. Measurements were made using two different setups, for use with the Forchheimer equation: 49 mm \"straight through\" and 101 mm diameter \"expanding ...

Gravitational Collapse of Rectangular Granular Piles

M.H. Babaei[1], T. Dabros[2], S.B. Savage[3]
[1]Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
[2]Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
[3]Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...

Heat Transfer Modeling of Steam Methane Reforming

E. Carcadea[1], M. Varlam[1], I. Stefanescu[1]
[1]National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania

Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...

Simplified Numerical Model of an Axial Impeller

A.-M. Georgescu[1], S.-C. Georgescu[2]
[1]Hydraulics and Environmental Protection Department, Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Hydraulics Department, University “Politehnica”, Bucharest, Romania

We propose a simplified numerical method to model the flow field downstream of an axial impeller. The method can be used for any axial hydraulic machinery for which, one is less interested by the flow between the blades, than by the flow field downstream of the machinery. The method is applied to an axial fan for which the pressure - flow rate curve is available. Numerical results are obtained ...

Effects of Flow and Diffusion on Blood Coagulation in Platelet Poor Plasma: a Two-way Coupling Between Hemodynamics and Biochemistry

D. Magnabosco[1,2], H. van Ooijen[2], B. Bakker[2], R. van den Ham[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Enzyme reactions, blood flow and diffusion in human vasculature play interacting and fundamental roles in blood coagulation. In this complex mechanism, the balance between blood and clot is a delicate equilibrium, whose tight regulation is vital to avoid pathologies such as bleeding and thrombosis. The secondary hemostasis triggered by tissue factor in platelet poor plasma is studied up to ...

Modeling of Expanding Metal Foams - new

B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...