Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

The Microgeometry of Pressure Seals - new

R. P. Ruby[1], G. Kulkarni[2], U. Kanade[1]
[1]Noumenon Multiphysics Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Oneirix Engineering Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India

Seals or gaskets that are compressed between walls of a container are important to many industrial applications. Understanding the performance of such seals requires an understanding of the microscopic geometry of the sealing surfaces, because the fluid seeps around the undulations of such surfaces. This paper presents strong computational evidence that the microgeometry of such surfaces depends ...

Computational Study on Transition of Oil-Water Flow Morphology due to Sudden Contraction in Microfluidic Channel - new

J. Chaudhuri[1], S. Timung[1], T. K. Mandal[1], D. Bandyopadhyay[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India

The flow morphology of two immiscible fluids in a microfluidic device finds numerous applications such as emulsification, synthesis of nanomaterials [1], lab-on-a-chip devices and biological analysis [2]. It offers many advantages over the conventional macroscopic devices because of its availability for higher surface to volume ratio, ability to handle small volume of fluids, easier process ...

Navier-Stokes Solutions for Flow and Transport in Realistic Porous Media

N. Abdussamie
American Bureau of Shipping, Tripoli, Libya

This paper illustrates how to set up and solve a two-dimensional flow problem having dimensions of 640 x 320 micro-meter using the Navier-Stokes equations with the help of COMSOL Multiphysics solver. The principle of our pore-scale modeling approach is composed of two steps. The first step involves the detailed identification and specification of the porous medium morphology, this step was ...

On The Modelling Of Electrowetting Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands

One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...

A Parametric Study of Shock Wave Simulations with Help of COMSOL Multiphysics

F. Ferrero[1], R. Meyer[1], M. Kluge[1], V. Schröder[1]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany

Adiabatic compression of gases can work as an ignition source and is still one of the main causes of accidents in chemical plants processing tetrafluoroethylene (Reza and Christiansen, 2007). The ignition of tetrafluoroethylene induced by adiabatic compression has been studied experimentally with a setup which allowed for the rapid opening of a high speed valve connecting two portions of a ...

Effects of Flow and Diffusion on Blood Coagulation in Platelet Poor Plasma: a Two-way Coupling Between Hemodynamics and Biochemistry

D. Magnabosco[1,2], H. van Ooijen[2], B. Bakker[2], R. van den Ham[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Enzyme reactions, blood flow and diffusion in human vasculature play interacting and fundamental roles in blood coagulation. In this complex mechanism, the balance between blood and clot is a delicate equilibrium, whose tight regulation is vital to avoid pathologies such as bleeding and thrombosis. The secondary hemostasis triggered by tissue factor in platelet poor plasma is studied up to fibrin ...

3D Analysis of Cavitation in Control Valve by Pressure Variation - new

E. Luz[1], D. M. P. Cunha[2], V. H. C. Lemos[2]
[1]Universidade Federal do Pará - UFPA, Belém, PA, Brasil; Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil
[2]Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil

The phenomenon of cavitation can severely affect the working of valves used to control liquid flow. Cavitation occurs when the pressure is reduced and the water evaporates, forming bubbles. When bubbles pass into an area of higher pressure, they condense and collapse, releasing a large amount of energy able to removing the surface layers of the material. In this work, we model the effects of ...

FEM Analysis of Contaminant Transport in a Loamy Desert Soil

B. Agasanapura, C. Nesbitt, and M. Misra
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA

In the present work, transport and adsorption of contaminants (lead, cesium) on loamy desert soil was modeled using the Finite Element Method (FEM). The Advective dispersion reaction mechanism was employed to describe the contaminant transport in soil medium. A partial differential equation (PDE) obtained from unsteady mass balance was developed using convective diffusion, solute adsorption, and ...

Comparing Equations for Two-Phase Fluid Flow in Porous Media

T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway

Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...

Effects of Shear-thinning and Elasticity in Flow around A Sphere in A Cylindrical Tube

D. Song[1], R.K. Gupta[1], and R.P. Chhabra[2]
[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

A sphere sedimenting in a cylindrical tube filled with non-Newtonian fluids, including purely viscous and viscoelastic type, is of both practical and fundamental interest. To investigate the effects of shear-thinning and elasticity, four representative constitutive equations are adopted, Newtonian, Carreau, Oldroyd-B and Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) models. There is good agreement between our ...

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