Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Comparison of Classic and Finned Piston Reciprocating Linear Air Compressor Using COMSOL Multiphyics®

M. Heidari[1], P. Barrade[1], A. Rufer[1]
[1]LEI, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

The current work is dedicated to develop a FEM model for compressors using moving mesh. An analytical model is already developed for a classic compressor based on mass and energy balance and is extended to a finned piston compressor. COMSOL Multiphysics® is employed to verify the analytical results and to provide an insight to detailed modeling of the system in desired areas. Moving mesh is ...

Numerical Simulations of a Subsonic/Supersonic Coaxial Jet for an Efficient Design of Experimental Setup

D. Guariglia[1], C. Schram[1]
[1]von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Sint-Genesius-Rode, Belgium

The flow field of a coaxial jet with the internal (primary) flow being subsonic and the external (secondary) flow being supersonic has been investigated with COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We used the results to correct defects in the nozzle geometry and we evaluated the effect of heat transfer on the shock-cells system. Finally, we verified the stresses in the material to avoid permanent ...

Hydraulic Design of Activated Sludge Tanks with CFD

A. J. Bosma, and B. A. Reitsma
Tauw bv, Deventer, The Netherlands

The hydraulic design of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) is usually based on general guidelines and experience. Research and development in this field is mainly focused on understanding and improvement of the biological processes. In this article we present modeling of the activated sludge tanks of the wastewater treatment plants in Amsterdam-West and Eindhoven. For both locations, a number of ...

Effects of Shear-thinning and Elasticity in Flow around A Sphere in A Cylindrical Tube

D. Song[1], R.K. Gupta[1], and R.P. Chhabra[2]
[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

A sphere sedimenting in a cylindrical tube filled with non-Newtonian fluids, including purely viscous and viscoelastic type, is of both practical and fundamental interest. To investigate the effects of shear-thinning and elasticity, four representative constitutive equations are adopted, Newtonian, Carreau, Oldroyd-B and Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) models. There is good agreement between our ...

A Parametric Study of Shock Wave Simulations with Help of COMSOL Multiphysics

F. Ferrero[1], R. Meyer[1], M. Kluge[1], V. Schröder[1]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany

Adiabatic compression of gases can work as an ignition source and is still one of the main causes of accidents in chemical plants processing tetrafluoroethylene (Reza and Christiansen, 2007). The ignition of tetrafluoroethylene induced by adiabatic compression has been studied experimentally with a setup which allowed for the rapid opening of a high speed valve connecting two portions of a ...

Modeling a Nozzle in a Borehole

E. Holzbecher[1], F. Sun[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Within a borehole a nozzle can be installed in order to increase the efficiency of fluid injection. The position of the nozzle is located near the perforated casing of an injection well. A COMSOL Multiphysics® model is set up for a typical nozzle design as applied in practice. The model is based on the Navier-Stokes equations with turbulence closures using k-ε model and k-ω closures. We find a ...

Optimization of Flow Distribution in the Feed Sparger of a Steam Drum

P. Goyal[1], A. Dutta[1], and A. K. Ghosh[1]
[1] Reactor Safety Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Steam drums of a nuclear power plant separate steam from the steam water mixture and sub cooled incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is delivered to the steam drum through the feed water sparger. The feed water sparger is provided with number of inverted ‘j’ type lateral tubes to  distribute the feed water in the drum for proper mixing with the separated ...

Freie Konvektion im Vertikalen Spalt – Analytische Lösungen und Numerische Simulation

Bühler, K.
Hochschule Offenburg, FB Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik

Durch Temperaturunterschiede hervorgerufene freie Konvektionsströmungen treten in Natur und Technik in vielfältiger Form in Erscheinung. Damit verbunden sind wichtige Wärmetransportprozesse. Analytische Lösungen sind nur für einfache Sonderfälle bekannt, wie die einschlägige Literatur (Jischa 1982, Merker 1987, Müller&Ehrhard 1999) zeigt. Für die vertikalen Spaltströmungen mit ...

3D Modeling of Fracture Flow in Core Samples Using ?-CT Data

S. Hoyer[1], U. Exner[2], M. Voorn[1], A. Rath[3]
[1]Department of Geodynamics and Sedimentology, University of Vienna, Austria
[2]Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria
[3]OMV ESG-D Production Geology, Vienna, Austria

Knowledge on flow behavior in fractured reservoir rocks is of great interest in petroleum engineering as well as for geothermal assets. Due to the big difference of magnitude (fracture aperture: ~?m, lateral extension of reservoirs ~km), modeling of discrete fracture flow is not practicable on the reservoir scale, so a Darcy (or Brinkman) approximation has to be found. The key task is to find ...

Possibility of Implicit LES for Two-Dimensional Incompressible Lid-Driven Cavity Flow Based on COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Hashiguchi[1]
[1]Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd. Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

In the present paper, possibility of implicit large eddy simulation(LES) by using the laminar flow interface of COMSOL Multiphysics Ver.4.3a, has been examined for two-dimensional lid-driven cavity flow with the Reynolds number up to 1,000,000. The flow computations with time-dependent study step were executed stable for all cases treated here, even though no turbulence model is used. Although we ...

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