S. Pietrzyk, A. Khodakov, and M. Olea
Unite de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide, USTL-ENSCL-EC Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
School of Science and Technology, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
A TAP reactor is a fixed-bed catalytic reactor operated in pulse (transient) mode under very low pressures. It has become a very important tool in catalytic studies as it fills the material and pressure gaps existing between practical conditions and high vacuum – monocrystal techniques. A pretreated solid catalyst maintained at a desired temperature in an evacuated chamber is exposed to a ...
M.K. Ghantasala, B.O. Asimba, A. Khaminwa, K.J. Suthar, D.C. Mancini
Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
The understanding of pH-sensitive hydrogel swelling response in different buffer environmental condition is essential for its use in different practical applications. This necessitates its simulation in steady state and transient conditions. This paper mainly deals with the details of the numerical simulation performed by developing coupled formulation of chemo-electro-mechanical behavior of ...
T. C. Zhu, B. Liu
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent that kills cells during photodynamic therapy (PDT). Based on a previously-developed model, the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 can be numerically calculated using finite-element method. We improved the model to include microscopic kinetic equations of oxygen diffusion from uniformly distributed blood vessels to the adjacent tissue. The blood ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
C. Gomez , R. F. Coker , J. Knox , G. Schunk 
 NASA MSFC, Huntsville, AL, USA
The primary interest of the VC (Vacuum Characterization) test is to experimentally characterize the adsorption and vacuum desorption of CO2 and water vapor of a pelletized sorbent bed in a large diameter column. The VC test article is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The aluminum canister is 3” in diameter and approximately 8” long allowing for variable sorbent bed loads from 1” to 6” in length. A ...
R. Busqué , R. Torres , A. Husar , J. Grau 
 Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
 Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain
The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...
J. Schillings , O. Doche , J. Deseure ,
 LEPMI, Grenoble, France
 SIMAP, Grenoble, France
The dependency of electrochemical processes performances on mass transfer is well-known. Electrolyte flow in the vicinity of electrodes surface can enhance reactions due to increased mass transfer. This flow can be generated by the production of a gaseous phase, leading to a natural bubble-driven convection flow. As a drawback, gas bubbles also modify electrodes active surface and the ...
E. Robalinho , E. F. Cunha , M. Linardi , E. I. Santiago ,
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
 Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The idea of a friendly implementation of a mathematical formulation using specialist software was performed with the support of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with Chemical Reaction Engineering and Batteries & Fuel Cell Modules. The real problem of a Proton Exchange Membrane – PEM fuel cell modeling involves different scales, multiple variables and processes, coupling of solvers and experimental ...
E. Carcadea, M. Varlam, I. Stefanescu
National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania
Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...
朱铧丞 , 张春 , 叶菁华 ,
微波作为信息和能量的载体具有同等重要的应用价值，利用微波对物质产生的物理化学效应进行能量传递及转换已经在化学领域有了积极的应用。从 1986 年 R.N. Gedye 等人首次使用微波促进化学反应使其反应速率提高 1240 倍以来，有越来越多的微波和化学领域的科学家对相关问题进行了研究，并出现了一门新兴学科“微波化学”。微波化学作为研究微波能的一个方面是研究微波与化学反应体系相互作用的一个新兴学科。由于当前人们对微波加快化学反应的研究还非常肤浅，微波在大规模应用中并未发挥出其应有的巨大优势，微波化学进一步发展面临着巨大的挑战和机遇。目前微波化学的研究可以分为宏观和微观两个层面：（1）在宏观层面人们并不关心微波对分子之间行为的影响，其研究要用多物理场数值计算方法获得反应体系中电磁场、温度等物理量的分布和变化；（2）微观层面的研究，重点关注微波对反应分子之间相互作用的影响 ...