Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Efficiently Solving the Stochastic Reaction-Diffusion Master Equation in C++ with the COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

L. A. Widmer [1], J. Stelling [1],
[1] Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zürich and Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Basel, Switzerland

We demonstrate a simulation engine using COMSOL® and MATLAB® software that is able to simulate stochastic reaction-diffusion models in the reaction-diffusion master equation framework. We use this engine to construct models of budding yeast cells with embedded microtubules, interfacing stochastic microtubule dynamics with spatiotemporal signaling networks acting during mitosis. Our simulation ...

Modeling of a Biogas Steam Reforming Reactor for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems

F. Cipitì[1]
[1]CNR-ITAE, Institute of Advanced Technologies for Energy, Messina, Italy

A biogas steam reforming reactor has been developed in order to be integrated into a proof-of-concept SOFC system, able to operate with biogas produced in an industrial waste water treatment unit. A mathematical model, aimed at describing the performance of the reactor, has been developed. The reactor is simplified and modeled as a non-isothermal plug flow reactor. The reactor is fed with a ...

Coupling Miscible Flow and Geochemistry for Carbon Dioxide Flooding into North Sea Chalk Reservoir

B. Niu[1], W. Yan[1], A.A. Shapiro[1], and E.H. Stenby[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...

Model Development and Implementation of a Membrane Shift Reactor

J. Völler[1], M. Follmann[1], C. Bayer[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Low temperature fuel cells require hydrogen of high purity for electricity production to avoid catalyst poisoning. To purify hydrogenrich flue gases from hydrocarbon steam reforming membrane shift reactors with a metal membranes may be utilized. A model of a tubular membrane shift reactor with a hydrogenseparating palladium membrane is modeled in the COMSOL Multiphysics® Chemical Engineering ...

Modeling Maillard Reaction and Thermal Transformations During Bread Baking

D. Papasidero[1], F. Manenti[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy

One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...

A Modified Koutecký-Levich Equation for the Analysis of Electrochemical Flow Cells with Complex Geometries

S. A. Tschupp [1], S. E. Temmel [1], N. Poyatos Salguero [1], J. Herranz [1], T.J. Schmidt [2],
[1] Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland
[2] ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Electrochemical flow cells have found widespread use in analytical chemistry due to their short response time, high sensitivity and selectivity. The geometrical flexibility and therefore, the ease of coupling the electrochemical to other experimental techniques has attracted considerable interest for applications in electrocatalytic research as well. Such coupling is far more cumbersome with the ...

Optimization of Around-The-End Hydraulic Mixer Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Mohammadighavam[1], B. Kløve[1]
[1]University of Oulu, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering ,Oulu, Finland

After rapid mixing of waste water and coagulant, an effective slow mixing during a reasonable retention time will cause to grow the size of flocs up which will settle out easily. Around-the-end hydraulic mixer with barriers is one of the efficient facilities that have been used in water treatment plants for this purpose. A uniform velocity gradient (G) is needed to achieve efficient mixing and ...

Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography - new

B. Chen[1], M. Guizar-Sicairos[2], G. Xiong[1], L. Shemilt[1], A. Diaz[2], J. Nutter[1], N. Burdet[1], S. Huo[1], F. Vergeer[3], A. Burgess[4], I. Robinson[1]
[1]London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
[4]AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK

We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...

Computational Optimization of Battery Grid for Efficiency and Performance Improvement

V. Panneerselvam [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1]
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, India

Battery grids are critical system used in automobile, renewable energy, medical devices and mobile phones. Research efforts are directed to increase energy density, longevity and reduce the cost. This paper is related to computational optimisation of lead acid battery for efficiency and performance improvement. Battery grid is the precursor for the active material and current distribution in ...

Simulation and Design of a Microfluidic Respirometer for Semi-Continuous Amperometric Short Time Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BODST) Analysis

F.J. del Campo[1], A. Torrents[1], J. Mas[2], F.X. Muñoz[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Departement de Genètica i Microbiologia, Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

Introduction: This work presents the design of a novel flow cell based miniaturized electrochemical respirometer to monitor organic content in water samples semi-continuously, in contrast to current Biochemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, methods. Simulation techniques has been used to parameterize and optimize aspects such as height and length of the channels, materials and thickness, flow and oxygen ...