E. Lacatus, M. A. Sopronyi, G. C. Alecu, A. Tudor
Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
INFLPR -National Institute for Laser Plasma and Radiation Physics, Bucharest, Romania
For biocompatible prosthetics, from dental implants up to bone parts, manufacturers have to find the best way to correlate process parameters and the material properties as to meet the unique needs of individuals. Additive manufacturing techniques aim at creating complex biocompatible structures able to overcome the present shortfalls of the metal and metal alloys implants related to ...
Assessment of Diffuse Optical Tomography Image Reconstruction Methods Using a Photon Transport Model
M. M. Althobaiti , H. S. Salehi , Q. Zhu ,
 Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Imaging of tissue with near-infrared diffuse optical tomography is emerging as a practical method to map hemoglobin concentrations within tissue for breast cancer detection and diagnosis. The accurate recovery of images by using numerical modeling requires an effective image reconstruction method. We illustrate a comparison between two widely used reconstruction methods using finite element ...
K. Basu, P. Ghosh, A. Chanda
School of Bio Science and Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
According to clinical reports, cardiovascular disease has become a major global healthcare problem. The deposition of fats, cholesterol etc. at the arterials walls causes thrombus formation leading to stenosis and arterial blockage. To tackle this, along with arterial bypass, the use of Cardiovascular Stent is considered promising and effective (in single vessel and bi vessel diseases). While ...
J.G. Pieters, R. ElGamal, F. Ronsse
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium
CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...
B. Granula, K. Porzig, H. Toepfer, M. Gacanovic
University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Technische Universität Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany
The prediction of the exact location and intensity of the electric field induced in the human brain during Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a nontrivial computational task. Numerical simulations of the procedure can be used to acquire first approximations in a safe and controlled environment. In order to make this approach more accessible, it is necessary to reduce computation time as much ...
S. Biswas, S. Das, M. Mahadevappa
Advanced Technology Development Center, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) are diseases causing blindness in a large number of people. In this type of degenerative disease, mostly the photoreceptors are damaged. Thus attempts have been made to electrically stimulate the surviving inner retinal neurons and retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in order to restore vision. In this paper, the electrode-tissue ...
Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
Quebec City, QC
A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the ...
A. Dwivedi , G. Khanna ,
 NIT Hamirpur, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
This work describes the design and optimization of three prototypes of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) capacitive accelerometer-based middle ear microphone. The microphone is intended for middle ear hearing aids as well as future fully implantable cochlear prosthesis. The analysis is done using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The maximum applied acceleration was considered 1g. Human temporal bones ...
Improving Detection Sensitivity for Nanoscale Targets Through Combined Photonic and Plasmonic Techniques
G. Zhang, Y. Zhao
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Photonic technique such as the whispering gallery mode (WGM) is often used for detection of small particles like bacteria and viruses. It offers good detection sensitivity and is advantageous over other detection techniques because the detection can be label free. However, the detection sensitivity may not be sufficient when the size of the detection target is in nanoscale. To change this, we ...
E. Isaza, E. Salazar, L. Florez
Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia
The consequences of hip fracture and femoral fracture are widely known. The mechanical strength of the femur varies in every person, but it is possible to predict the mechanical resistance with parameters like density, dimensions and mineral content. This paper uses different models and empirical studies to determine the mechanical properties of the human femur, developing isotropic and ...