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Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Design and Simulation of MEMS Based Piezoelectric Vibration Energy Harvesting System

M. C. B. Kumar[1], D. B. Prabhu[1], R. Akila[1], A. Gupta[1], M. Alagappan[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil nadu, India

This paper discusses the simulation studies on a vibration based energy harvesting system to convert the undesirable mechanical vibration to useful green power. The design consists of a resonating proof mass and a spring system enclosed in housing and fixed on the source of vibration. A piezoelectric suspension acts as the transducer and generates a voltage that is used to charge the batteries ...

Analysis of Electro-Thermal Hot Spot Formation in Li-Ion-Battery-Cells

W. Beckert[1], C. Freytag[1], T. Frölich[1], G. Fauser[1]
[1]Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany

The presented model approach offers a computational efficient tool to analyze the influences of geometrical design details, material selection and operational conditions on the electro-thermal behavior of a full Li ion battery cell geometry. It considers typical aspects as anisotropic winding structure, electro-thermal coupling and nonlinear electrical characteristics for moderate computational ...

Simplified Multiphysics Model for All-Solid State Microbatteries

M.S. Nesro[1], I.M. Elfadel[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Lithium microbatteries are replacing conventional power sources in many microsystems areas such as wireless sensors and biomedical monitors. In many of these applications, compact models of micro batteries are needed both at the microsystems design stage and at the real-time power management stage. These compact models are typically derived from physics-based discretized formulations. We have ...

Modeling the Electroplating of Hexavalent Chromium

N. Obaid[1], R. Sivakumaran[1], J. Lui[1], A. Okunade[1]
[1]University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

This project modeled an industrial chromium plating process for automotive components. The process was modeled via the COMSOL Multiphysics® Electrodeposition Module. The simulation examined the effect of solution conductivity, electrode spacing, and anode height utilizing a factorial design approach. A sensitivity analysis was used to study the effect of these variables on the thickness value at ...

Mathematical Modeling of a Lithium Ion Battery

R. E. White[1], and Long Cai[2]
[1]R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics  software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...

The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining

B. Bingham[1]
[1]Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA

Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...

Impact of Electrode Surface/Volume Ratio on Li-ion Battery Performance - new

S. Das[1], J. Li[2], R. Hui[1]
[1]University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
[2]Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

The adoption of micro- and nanostructured electrodes is a promising technique to improve the performance of Li-ion battery, which increases the electrode surface area and improves the efficiency of ion exchange between the electrode and electrolyte. This performance improvement is supported by the results of our numerical simulation based of a Li+ battery in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The ...

Numerical Modeling of the Bistability of Electrolyte Transport in Conical Nanopores

H. White[1], L. Luo[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

A characteristic feature of nanochannels is that surface properties (e.g., electrical charge) play a more significant role in the transport of fluid and electrolyte. Two oppositely directed flows (electroosmotic flow and pressure-driven flow) determine the flow profile at the nanopore orifice as well as electrolyte distribution. Once there are two electrolyte solutions with different ...

Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®

T. Oyetunde[1], D. Ofiteru[1], J. Rodriguez[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...

Topology Optimization of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Microstructure Morphology for Reduction of Damage Accumulation and Longevity of Battery Life - new

P. Clarke[1], R. Abedi[1]
[1]University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN, USA

The ubiquitous commercial use of Lithium-Ion batteries (LIBs) has increased interest in their implementation into efficient energy storage systems for clean and renewable power sources and the electrical transportation industry. Unfortunately, LIBs are not yet technological mature to meet various commercial demands. Consider the following challenges for example,: (1) lower than desired effective ...