Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions

N. Murer[1], N. Missert[2], and R. Bucchheit[1]

[1]Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...

A Phase Field Model for Lithium Ion Battery Particles

R. Painter [1], L. Sharpe [2], S. K. Hargrove [2],
[1] Department of Civil Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
[2] Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA

In this study, a three-dimensional (3-D) phase field model was developed to better understand the parameters impacting the LiFePO4 cathode material in lithium ion batteries. LiFePO4 has a strong tendency to separate into stable high Li+ concentration and low Li+ concentration phases, resulting in the batteries characteristic wide voltage plateau at room temperature. The COMSOL model equations ...

Simulation of a Heated Tool System for Jet Electrochemical Machining

M. Hackert[1], G. Meichsner[2], and A. Schubert[1][2]

[1]Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool ...

Optimization of the Lithium Insertion Cell with Silicon Negative Electrode for Automotive Applications

R. Chandrasekaran, and A. Drews
Research and Advanced Engineering
Ford Motor Company
Dearborn, MI

The US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) has established goals for long term commercialization of advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications. In this work, a dual lithium-ion insertion cell with silicon as the negative electrode and an intercalation material as the positive electrode is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Both are composite porous electrodes with binder, void ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Circular-Planar Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

K. Daneshvar[1], A. Fantino[1], C. Cristiani[1], G. Dotelli[1], R. Pelosato[1], M. Santarelli[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “G. Natta”, Milano, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Energetica, Torino, Italy

A 2D isothermal axisymmetric model of an anode-supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) has been developed. Also a parametric analysis to find the effect of important parameters on the cell performance has been done. This simulation has been carried out at 1 atm and 1073 K. The PEN materials are traditional ones: Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSM-YSZ as anode, electrolyte and cathode respectively.The developed ...

Numerical Modeling of a Microtubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

P. Pianko-Oprych[1], E. Kasilova[1], Z. Jaworski[1]
[1]West Pomeranian University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Szczecin, Poland

Micro-tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (mSOFC) are attracting more and more interest as new generation of energy conversion devices. Although commercial applications still suffer from high costs, there is a need for further improvement of the cell performance, durability and start-up. To resolve those challenges, knowledge of the distributions of species concentration, temperature and current ...

Modeling and Simulation of Transient SECM (Scanning ElectroChemical Microscopy) Response of Porous Electrodes

L. Balboa [1], G. Wittstock [1],
[1] Institute of Chemistry, Carl v. Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany

In the past two decades, highly porous nanostructured materials have been investigated and used for a large variety of applications, such as catalysis, energy conversion/storage, optics, sensing and more. Nanoporous gold (npAu) is one of such materials which have shown great potential as an electro-catalyst due to not only its physical properties but its surface chemistry as well. It presents a ...

Optimizing Fuel Cell Design with COMSOL Multiphysics

Chin-Hsien Cheng[1]
[1]Renewable Energy RD Center, Chung-Hsin Electric & Machinery, Taiwan

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics with the AC/DC Module and Chemical Engineering Module. Simulation may be used to increase the performance while decreasing the cost of the catalyst later (CL). Experimental validation of single and multi-layer CL was performed for varied PBI electrolyte content. The validated model was used to investigate ...

3D Model for the Dynamic Simulation of SOFC Cathodes

A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Karlsruhe, Germany

A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...

Two-dimensional Model of a Lithium Iron-Phosphate Single Particle

M. Cugnet [1][2],
[1] Université Grenoble Alpes INES, Le Bourget du Lac, France
[2] CEA, LITEN, Grenoble, France

Introduction: Lithium-ion batteries are widely used as power sources for portable electronic devices (laptop, phones, and players) and electric cars due to their high energy density. New applications, such as Formula E, require also a huge power capability that the iron-phosphate-based positive electrode is able to provide. Indeed, a recent publication [1] shows that, at the particle level (20 ...