E. Gutierrez-Miravete, B. Fontenault
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA
A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
The waveguide device modeled here specifically demonstrates the exploration of a small, but very important, subset of components of the family of microwave hardware devices designed to facilitate the optimized transfer of power from the generating source to the consuming load. Each of those components is called, in electronics terminology, a Tuned Stub. A stub is a length of transmission line ...
G. Zhu, E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions . In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of ...
R. Nopper, J. Clark, C. Miller
DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA
Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...
J. Crompton, L. Gritter, S. Yushanov, K. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
Quenching from high temperature by fluid flow has been analyzed; when no phase transformation occurs heat transfer is a function of conduction and convection. Flow conditions may lead to turbulent flow that affects the heat dissipation over the surface. Analysis of heat transfer with phase transformation is more complex ue to the range of near-wall effects from film boiling, transition boiling, ...
Computation of Capacitance, Inductance, and Potential Distribution of Integrated-Circuit Interconnects for Unshielded Four Conductors with Three Levels Systems
S.M. Musa, M.N.O. Sadiku, J.D. Oliver
Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
In this paper an attempt has been made to design and analyze integrated circuit interconnects for unshielded four conductors with three levels system using Finite Element Method (FEM). The computational and simulation work has been carried out with help of COMSOL Multiphysics software. We illustrate that FEM is as accurate and effective for modeling multilayered multiconductor transmission ...
Design Geometry Optimization of Vertical Cracks in Thermal Barrier Coatings from Simulated Thermal and Mechanical Behavior
C. Heveran, J. Xu, D. Cole, S. Basu, V. Sarin
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Turbine blades are coated with thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) to reduce operating temperature. TBCs experience stress from coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch with the bond-coat and substrate. Vertical cracks are thought to offer stress relief, but influence of crack geometry on TBC thermal and mechanical properties is not well understood. A two-dimensional, steady-state model is employed ...
J.R. Puentes, T.A. Osswald, S. Schick, J. Berg
Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA
The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...
Voxtel, Inc, Beaverton, OR, USA
University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
In this paper the heat transfer module in COMSOL is utilized to simulate internal heating of an Avalanche Photodiode due to light-induced current through a resistivity that depends on charge carrier concentrations in the device. Initial tests are done by modeling the heating process on a previously-solved silicon p-n junction as a proof of concept before advancing to a more complicated geometry. ...
D. Groulx, F. Samara, P.H. Biwole
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Mathematics and Interactions, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France
Design of latent heat energy storage systems (LHESS) requires knowledge of heat transfer processes within them, as well as the phase change behavior of the phase change material (PCM) use. COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model (LHESS). Natural convection plays a crucial role during the charging phase of the LHESS, and methods to incorporate this heat transfer mode within COMSOL simulation ...