Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy

R.F. Hamou[1], P.U. Biedermann[1], A. Erbe[1], and M. Rohwerder[1]
[1]Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany

A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...

An Agglomerate Model for the Rationalisation of MCFC Cathode Degradation

B. Bozzini[1], S. Maci[1], I. Sgura[2], R. Lo Presti[3], and E. Simonetti[3]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[3]ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy

This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...

Fast 2D Simulation of Superconductors: A Multiscale Approach

V.M. Rodriguez-Zermeno[1], M.P. Sørensen[1], N.F. Pedersen[2], N. Mijatovic[2], and A.B. Abrahamsen[3]
[1]DTU Mathematics, Lyngby, Denmark
[2]DTU Electrical Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark
[3]Materials Research Division, Risø, DTU, Roskilde, Denmark

This work presents a method to calculate AC losses in thin conductors such as the commercially available second generation superconducting wires through a multiscale meshing technique. The main idea is to use large aspect ratio elements to accurately simulate thin material layers. For a single thin superconductor, several standard test cases are simulated including transport current, externally ...

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Modeling the Behavior of Phased Arrays in Brain Tissue: Application to Deep Brain Stimulation

V. Valente[1], A. Demosthenous[1], and R. Bayford[2]

[1]Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, University College London, London, United Kingdom
[2]Department of Natural Sciences, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a therapeutic tool used for a number of neurological disorders including chronic pain, incontinence and movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. DBS consists of the low-frequency stimulation of an area of the brain, known as basal ganglia. The stimulation is provided by clinical implant, consisting of a pulse generator and an electrode lead ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)

M. Coccia[1], E. Carminati[1], F. Rolandone[2], M. Battaglia[1], D. Zuliani[3], and P. Fabris[3]
[1]Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[3]Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy

We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...

Thin Membrane Modelling for the Electrical Stimulation of Auditory Nerve

A. Grünbaum[1], S. Petersen[1], H.W. Pau[2], and U. van Rienen[1]

[1]IEF funded by DFG Research Training Group 1505/1 Welisa, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Otolaryngology “Otto Körner”, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

Modeling of 2-5 μm thin membranes into a cochlea with a width of 2 cm is computationally. The paper is focused on two approximative methods used to overcome this problem and in addition a simple model challenging of a plate capacitor with a thin membrane of different thickness in-between is presented. The results of simulations with both thin layer approximation methods are compared with ...

Classical Models of the Interface Between an Electrode and an Electrolyte

E. Gongadze[1], S. Petersen[1], U. Beck[2], and U. van Rienen[1]
[1]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
Rostock, Germany

The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...

Numerical Modelling of a Free-Burning Arc in Argon. A Tool for Understanding the Optical Mirage Effect in a TIG Welding Device

J-M. Bauchire[1], E. Langlois-Bertrand[1], and C. de Izarra[1]
[1]GREMI, CNRS, Université d’Orléans, Orléans, France

In this paper, we present the numerical modelling of a free-burning arc and its application to the understanding of optical mirage effect which could occur in a TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) device used in welding applications.

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