Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...
C. Gavrila, A. Ghiaus, and I. Gruia
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania
A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...
H. Lorenzen, J. Timmerberg, and S. Mylvaganam
Department of Electrical Engineering, UAS OOW, Wilhelmshaven, Germany
Department Technology/Engineering, Telemark University College, Porsgrunn, Norway
Efforts involving simulation of transmission line networks necessitate the accurate values of the parameters of the lines. In this paper, as an attempt in estimating such parameters, the parameters of high voltage asymmetric power lines are calculated. In the process of estimation, the three phase equivalent circuit model is used. The resistance and inductance of such lines are dependent ...
E. Holzbecher, and Hang Si
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany
In the paper we examine the accuracy of various meshes for different model regions and simple differential equations in 2D and in 3D. We study the potential equation for a single irregular domain (2D testcase 1), for a simple domain with irregular sub-domains (2D testcase 2) and a 3D testcase. For testcase 1 we compare with the analytical solution, for testcases 2 with the best solution, ...
M. Zampolli, N. Malm, and A. Tesei
NURC NATO Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy
COMSOL AB, Stockholm, Sweden
Perfectly matched layers (PML) are an efficient alternative for emulating the Sommerfeld radiation condition in the numerical solution of wave radiation and scattering problems. The key ingredient of the PML formulation is the complex scaling function, which controls the anisotropic damping of the PML. The objective of this study is to propose a modified complex scaling function capable of ...
M. Darif, and N. Semmar
GREMI-UMR6606, CNRS-Universite d’Orleans, Orléans, France
A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate temperature changes in material irradiated by a KrF laser beam confined on silicon’s surface. In this paper, the obtained results are shown and discussed in case of bulk Silicon. The heat source is distributed in time with ‘gate’ and ‘gaussian’ shapes. The thermal properties values ...
B. Cahill, A. Giannitsis, G. Gastrock, M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann
Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
 Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia
Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of ...
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...
H. Schmidt[1,2], and J. Hattel
Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
HBS Engineering, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Two friction stir welding models are presented – a global thermal model using the temperature dependent heat source and a local material flow and heat generation model allowing for detailed investigation of different contact conditions. The two models are coupled into a larger local-global model. The flow model includes frictional dissipation from the contact between the work piece and the ...
H. Conrad, T. Klose, T. Sandner, D. Jung, H. Schenk, and H. Lakner[1,2]
Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology Laboratory, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems Dresden, Germany
Within this paper the so called “birth and death” method is demonstrated in use with COMSOL Multiphysics®. With this method the free and reactionless movement of a solid structure on deformed geometries and the activation of this solid structure at later simulation steps is possible. For demonstrating the benefit, this method was applied to simulate the thermal induced ...