Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Variations in Density in Porous Media Flow

This example studies the steady flow of an ideal gas in porous media, where variations in gas density are taken into account through Equation-based Modeling. Darcy’s law describes the velocity vector in the porous structure and the conservation of mass is accounted for by the ideal gas law. The studied system is a packed bed reactor of the type used for example in small scale reforming ...

Ammonia Synthesis PFR

This example demonstrate the modeling of a plug flow reactor for the synthesis of ammonia in the Haber-Weiss process. The catalytic reactor in this process operates under non-isothermal conditions, where temperature and pressure varies substantially along the length of the reactor, in addition to the variation in composition.

Monolithic Reactor

This model simulates the catalytic abatement of a volatile organic compound (VOC), in this case a contaminant in a waste gas. An analytical expression describes the velocity profile in the free channel, while reaction occurs in the washcoat that makes up the tubular shape of the free channel. For simple geometries, the reactor can be described by a 2D model using time as the axial direction ...

Parameter Estimation for Nonideal Reactor Models

Real reactors can be modeled as combinations of ideal reactors. In this example two ideal CSTRs with interchange are used to model a real reactor with one highly agitated region and another region with less agitation. Two parameters, relating the volume and exchange rate of the two regions, need to be found by comparing the model results to experimental tracer data. Using the Parameter Estimation ...

Degradation of DNA in Plasma

Biotechnology is a rapidly growing area in the pharmaceutical sciences. One example of a clinical application is gene therapy, where it is possible to produce proteins in vivo, using the body’s own mechanisms for protein production. Major issues in gene delivery involve the transport of plasmid DNA (pDNA) to target sites and the conversion between different forms of pDNA. This model ...

Cylindrical Catalyst Pellet

Porous catalyst particles are widely used in the chemical industry and are extensively treated in the chemical engineering literature. The catalyst pellets are, in most cases, fluidized by the action of a gas or liquid flowing through a reactor. The fluid enters at the bottom of a bed of catalyst particles and the particles are fluidized by the shear force that the fluid exerts on their ...

Nonisothermal HI Reactor

In the case of a perfectly mixed nonisothermal system, you have to set up both the time-dependent material and energy balances. There are no spatial concentration gradients because the system is perfectly mixed, so the Reaction Engineering interface can create a model without evaluating the material-transport properties.

Optimization of a Catalytic Microreactor

In this model, a solution is pumped through a catalytic bed where a solute species reacts as it gets in contact with the catalyst. The purpose of the model is to maximize the total reaction rate for a given total pressure difference across the bed by finding an optimal catalyst distribution. The distribution of the porous catalyst determines the total reaction rate in the bed. A large amount of ...

Tank Series with Feedback Control

This example illustrates how to set up and solve a tank-in-series model in 0D using the Reaction Engineering interface. The model treats a series of three consecutive tank reactors. A feedback loop continuously adjusts the inlet concentration of the first tank in order to keep the concentration at the outlet of the last reactor close to a set level.

Fine Chemical Production in a Plate Reactor

Plate reactors running under continuous conditions have emerged as candidates to replace batch reactors, primarily in fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals production. One of the advantages of the plate reactor design is that it allows for efficient temperature control of the reacting fluid. For instance, this means that the heat released from strongly exothermic reactions can be readily dissipated ...

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