The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

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Orange Battery

This tutorial example models the currents and the concentration of dissolved metal ions in a battery (corrosion cell) made from an orange and two metal nails. This type of battery is commonly used in chemistry lessons. Instead of an orange, lemons or potatoes can also be used.

1D Isothermal Zinc-Silver Oxide Battery

Zinc-Silver oxide (Zn-AgO) batteries are used in different industries due to their high capacity per unit weight. In this work, discharge of a Zn-AgO battery is simulated using the *Battery with Binary Electrolyte* interface. The electrochemical reactions in the positive and negative electrodes lead to changes in porosity and species concentration in the electrodes. This is modeled using *Domain ...

Thermal Modeling of a Cylindrical Lithium-Ion Battery in 2D

This model example simulates an air-cooled cylindrical 18650 lithium-ion battery during a charge-discharge cycle, followed by a relaxing period. A one-dimensional cell model is used to model the battery cell chemistry, and a two-dimensional axi-symmetrical model is used to model the temperature in the battery.

Single Particle Model of a Lithium-Ion Battery

An isothermal single particle model formulation for a lithium-ion battery is presented in this work. The single particle model is a simplification of the 1D formulation for a lithium-ion battery along with a few assumptions. The model is typically valid for low-medium current scenarios. Note that validity of the assumptions and applicability of the single particle model also depends on the ...

Current Density Distribution in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

This model presents a study of the current density distribution in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The model includes the full coupling between the mass balances at the anode and cathode, the momentum balances in the gas channels, the gas flow in the porous electrodes, the balance of the ionic current carried by the oxide ion, and a balance of electronic current. A truly large number of ...

Ohmic Losses and Temperature Distribution in a Passive PEM Fuel Cell

In small PEM fuel cell systems (in the sub-100 W range) no active devices for cooling or air transport are normally used. This is due to the desire to minimize parasitic power losses from pumps and fans, and to reduce the system complexity, size, and cost. The reactants at the cathode are therefore transported by passive convection/diffusion. Also the heat dissipation occurs by passive transport ...

All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Battery

This example shows how to use the Tertiary Current Distribution interface to model the currents and electrolyte mass transport in a thin-film all-solid-state lithium-ion battery. A separate Transport of Diluted Species interface is coupled to the electrochemical reactions to model the mass transport of lithium in the positive electrode. Various discharge currents are studied, and the ...

Lithium-Ion Battery with Multiple Intercalating Electrode Materials

Lithium-ion batteries can have multiple active materials in both the positive and negative electrodes. For example, the positive electrode can have a mix of active materials such as transition metal oxides, layered metal oxides, olivines etc. These materials can have different design properties (volume fraction, particle size), thermodynamic properties (open circuit voltage), transport ...

1D Lithium-Ion Battery Impedance Model

The impedance of a lithium-ion battery cell with a negative LTO and positive NCA electrode is modeled for harmonic perturbations between 10 mHz to 1000 Hz. The model incorporates an additional double-layer current at the conductive material in the positive electrode. The impedance of each electrode is also possible to investigate versus a reference electrode located in the middle of the ...

1D Lithium-Ion Battery Drive-Cycle Monitoring

This application shows how a battery cell exposed to a hybrid electric vehicle drive cycle can be investigated with the Lithium-Ion Battery interface in COMSOL. This model predicts the battery behavior to make comparisons of the monitored properties. They can be used to understand the battery's behavior during the cycle better, since the model includes can calculate more than is measurable, for ...