Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling the Thermal Impact of a Repository for High-Level Radioactive Waste in a Clay Host Formation

X. Sillen
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Waste & Disposal Department, Mol, Belgium

Disposal in deep clay geological formations is one of the promising options for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Yet, they can generate considerable amounts of heat as a side effect of radioactive decay. This paper shows how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to evaluate the physical impacts of the heating on the geological media around a deep disposal system. The software was found ...

Investigation of Stability of Current Transfer to Thermionic Cathodes

M. Benilov, and M. Faria
Departamento de Física, Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, Portugal

Current transfer from high-pressure arc plasmas to thermionic cathodes may occur in a diffuse mode, when the current is distributed over the front surface of the cathode, or in a spot mode, when most of the current is localized in one or more small areas. Spectra of perturbations of 3D steady-state current transfer to thermionic cathodes of a high-pressure argon arc have been computed in the ...

Finite Element Modeling of Dielectric-Paraelectric Composite Materials

K. Zhou, S. Alpay, and S. Boggs
Institute of Material Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

Finite Element analysis is used to model 2-D and 3-D paraelectric-dielectric composites (BaTiO3 spherical fillers randomly distributed in constant dielectric matrix). The effective dielectric response and tunability are studied under different filler sizes and different volume fractions. The results are consistent with previous theoretical and experimental results: with the increasing of filler ...

Can the Drumhead be Decomposed from Spectra? - An Application for the Chesapeake Bay

K. McIlhany[1], and R. Malek-Madani[2]
[1]Physics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
[2]Mathematics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

In 1966, mathematician Mark Kac proposed the question "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum?" in an article for American Mathematical Monthly. In attempting to resolve the Chesapeake Bay from an eigenfunctional approach, a one-to-one mapping of this famous problem has been identified. The quote above will re-write to "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum from Multiple Point-Sampled Spectra?". This ...

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

A Model of a Horizontal Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition Reactor

T. Adams

Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, CRANE, IN, USA

A model of a horizontal atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition reactor was implemented to aid in the design of a laboratory based one. The model coupled momentum transport, energy transport, and mass transport phenomena to account for reacting fluid flow of a compressible gas in a heated chamber. The system modeled was silicon deposition from trichlorosilane in hydrogen carrier gas.

Optimization of Skin Impedance Sensor Design with Finite Element Simulations

F. Dewarrat, L. Falco, A. Caduff, and M. Talary
Solianis Monitoring AG, Zürich, Switzerland

Impedance spectroscopy is a measurement technique that has been investigated in a wide variety of medical applications. An example is the measurement of the dielectric properties of the skin and underlying tissue using sensors placed in contact with human skin with capacitive fringing field electrodes. The aim of this work is to use finite element methods for optimizing the sensor design to ...

Two-dimensional Analysis of Triple Coupled Physics of Structural Mechanics, Diffusion and Heat Transfer in a Gas Pipe

P. Lee-Sullivan[1], and M. Haghighi-Yazdi[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

In this study, a 2-D model has been built using COMSOL Multiphysics® to analyze a triple coupled physics problem involving simultaneous gas diffusion, heat transfer, and structural mechanics in a pipe due to the flow of high-pressure carbon dioxide. The problem geometry and boundary conditions were based on the analysis by Rambert et al. who have published the most advanced modeling work in ...

Development of an On-Line Wall-Fouling Sensor for Pipeline Transportation of Heavy Oil-Water Mixtures

S. Rushd[1], and R.S. Sanders[1]
[1]Chemical & Materials Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A beneficial method for transporting highly viscous hydrocarbons (e.g. heavy oil and bitumen) through a pipeline is known as Lubricated Pipe Flow (LPF). A major challenge for this technology is flow instability caused by the formation of a wall-coating of oil or the thinning and/or loss of the lubricating water layer in the pipe. This issue can be addressed by using capacitance sensors to measure ...

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

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