Numerical Aspects of the Implementation of Artificial Boundary Conditions for Laminar Fluid-Structure Interactions
C. Boeckle, P. Wittwer
University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
We discuss the implementation of artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane, for a range of low Reynolds numbers. When truncating the half-plane to a finite domain for numerical purposes, artificial boundaries appear. We present an explicit Dirichlet condition for the velocity at these boundaries in terms of an asymptotic expansion for the ...
ABB, Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
Modern power transmission systems are in general designed to operate at high voltages in order to reduce resistive losses generated by high currents. This, however, tends to increase the risk for dielectric breakdown or flashovers if the equipment is not properly designed to withstand the stress. The present work illustrates how multiphysics simulations can be used to analyze and predict the ...
A. Dobrinsky, M. Shatalov, M. Shur, R. Gaska
Sensor Electronic Technology, Columbia, SC, USA
Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes (DUV LEDs) are presently operating at a relatively low efficiency, thus large amount of LED driving power is dissipating in heat. Thermal heating degrades LED performance and decreases LED’s lifetime. The degradation of DUV LED devices with temperature increase makes thermal management a key issue for DUV LEDs. We present a thermal analysis of DUV LED ...
R. Coker, J. Knox, K. Kittredge
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...
A. Aman, R. Gentile, Y. Xu, N. Orlovskaya
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...
B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...
Tijerino Monge, T., Carmona Infante, V.
This model studies a portion of the vascular system of a normal person, in particular the left ventricle and the mitral valve of the heart. The flowing blood applies pressure to the ventricle before, after and specially during the contraction process of the heart, thereby deforming the structure.
RWTH Aachen, Institut für Verfahrenstechnik, Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik
Der Marangoni-Effekt (Marangoni 1871) oder Grenzflächenkonvektion kann in fluiden mehrphasigen Systemen auftreten, in denen eine Abhängigkeit der Grenzflächenspannung von der Temperatur oder der Konzentration einer gelösten Substanz besteht. Temperaturoder Konzentrationsgradienten in der Grenzfläche führen zur Ausbildung von Spannungsgradienten. Diese beeinflussen die ...
Smith, M.K., Neitzel, G.P.
The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institue of Technology, Atlanta, GA
A state of permanent, isothermal nonwetting of a solid surface by a normally wetting liquid may be achieved by having the surface move tangentially to a liquid drop that is pressed against it. Surrounding gas is swept into the space between the liquid and solid creating a lubricating film that prevents wetting. The length scales of the drop and the film are typically three or more orders of ...
IEMN, Institut d’Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie, UMR CNRS 8520, USTL Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
The BioMEMS (Bio-Electro-Mechanical Systems) have become of considerable interest because they constitute a converging solution for many pluridisciplinary studies. The different covered fields are the biology (single cell, proteins, enzymes, neurons…), the chemistry (polymers), microelectronics and the microtechnologies associated with. Devices whose aim is the study of biological entities are ...