Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Optimum Design of Dual-modality Sensing Electrode Array

W. Huaxiang, W. Jing, H. Li, and J. Weiwei
School of Electrical Engineering & Automation, Tianjin University, Tianjin, Taiwan

Sensing electrodes array model of 3-Dimensional ERT/ ECT dual modality is established by using the software COMSOL. According to the uniformity of sensitivity field distribution, the correlation coefficient and the reconstructed image space resolution, the ECT/ERT dual modality sensing electrode arrays are optimized. Experimental results show that the optimized sensing electrode array of the ...

Computation of Space-Time Patterns via ALE Methods

V. Thümmler1, and A. Weddemann2
1Department of Mathematics, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
2Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Partial differential equations which exhibit solutions that are spatial temporal patterns are often found in biological and chemical systems, e.g. when describing pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems.Special classes of such patterns are relative equilibria and relative periodic orbits, which are solutions that in an appropriately co-moving frame of reference are stationary and ...

Exploitation of Laminar Flow for Cell-Based Assays

M. F. Santillo1, and A. G. Ewing1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden

A microfluidic device for performing multiplexed cell bioassays has been successfully developed. The device takes advantage of laminar flow and hydrodynamic focusing in order to selectively load cells into various culture chambers and address cells with pharmacological agents. Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and fluorescence microscopy illustrate how fluid flow can be ...

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

Optimization of an Electromagnetic Actuator with COMSOL Multiphysics

T. Müller[1], A. Schwenger[2], and H. Haase[1]
[1]Institut für Grundlagen der Elektrotechnik und Messtechnik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany
[2]Volkswagen AG, Germany

This paper describes the automatic optimization of an electromagnetic actuator using a genetic algorithm.  The actuator modeled here is dedicated for charge changing valve actuation in internal combustion engines. In the first step of the simulation, several operating points are calculated using the script language of COMSOL Multiphysics. In order to reduce computation time, only one segment of ...

Clean Energy Technologies: Growing Need for Multiphysics Modeling

Iouri Balachov
Senior Scientist,
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA

Iouri Balachov is a Senior Scientist at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) where he is leading development of Direct Carbon Fuel Cell technology for clean and efficient power generation from coal, biomass, and a wide variety of carbon containing fuels. Prior to SRI he was an engineer at Westinghouse nuclear (Pittsburgh, PA), researcher at Penn State University (State College, PA), and researcher ...

Nanofiltration Modeling Based on the Extended Nernst-Planck Equation under Different Physical Modes

J. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafé-Moros
Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

The most successful nanofiltration models are those based on the combination of the Extended Nernst-Planck equation with the Donnan steric equilibrium. These models have been typically solved by using iterative procedures based on the Runge-Kutta method. Yet, such procedures present convergence problems in some cases. In this paper, we present an implementation of the original Donnan ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Engineered Structured Sorbents for the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor from Manned Spacecraft Atmospheres

J. Knox
NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA

In NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration, humans will once again travel beyond the confines of earth’s gravity, this time to remain there for extended periods. Thus all spacecraft systems, including those for the separation of metabolic carbon dioxide and water from a crewed vehicle, must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. This paper describes efforts to improve on ...

Analysis of the Mechanical Behavior of Violins Based on a Multi-physics Approach

E. Ravina
Dept. of Mechanics and Machine Design, Research Centre on Choral and Instrumental Music (MUSICOS), University of Genoa, Italy

The paper attempts to give a contribution to the dynamic analysis of musical instruments. A multidisciplinary approach oriented to the study of mechanical, structural, vibratory and acoustical phenomena related to stringed instruments is discussed. The case study focused in this paper concerns the violins family: the geometry and the vibratory propagation of this instrument is very complicated to ...

Sound Attenuation by Hearing Aid Earmold Tubing

M. Herring Jensen
Widex A/S, Vaerloese, Denmark

In this study we model the sound attenuation properties of a hearing aid earmold tube. The model includes thermoviscous acoustic effects and it couples structural vibrations to the external acoustic field. Moreover, the finite element domain is coupled at two boundaries with an electroacoustic model of a hearing aid and an acoustic 2-cc coupler.

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