A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying
A. Warning, J. M. R. Arquiza, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...
L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...
S. G. Mokros[1, 2], V. K. Babbar, T. W. Krause, J. Morelli
Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
Department of Physics, Engineering Physics and Astronomy, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada
Steam generator (SG) tubes in CANDU® nuclear reactors can lose efficiency in the presence of corrosion and its by-products. Condition monitoring of support structures could help direct maintenance activities and thereby increase SG tube lifetime. Pulsed eddy current (PEC) has been proposed as a method to non-destructively determine the presence of defects in support structures. COMSOL ...
J. Xi, Q. M. Mohamad, Y. E. Yuan, J. Rohlinger
Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
1. Flow-induced uvula deformation considerably altered the flow dynamics inside the nose. 2. For a weak soft palate, complete flow occlusion can occur (sleep apnea). 3. Vibration of the airway structures is crucial to better understand snoring generation mechanisms and breathing-related disorders.
L. Z. Tong
Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
The plasmas generated in water involve various physical phenomena such as flows agitated by bubbles, high electric fields for breakdown, discharges in bubbles with size variation, and so on. In this paper, studies have been made on the simulation of plasmas generated in bubbles with size variation. The species taken in account include electrons, three kinds of ions, and ten kinds of neutral ...
M. Trujillo, E. Berjano
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive techinique which is used to treat some kinds of cancer. The realism of theoretical models is very important. An influential factor in this realism is mathematical functions that model the temperature-dependence of tissue thermal and electrical conductivities. The aim of this work is to review the mathematical functions employed to model the ...
Heat Generation from H₂/D₂ Pressurization of Nanoparticles: Simulation of the Experiments on COMSOL Multiphysics®
A. Osouf, G. Miley, B. Stunkard, T. Patel, E. Ziehm, K. Kyu-Jung, A. Krishnamurthy
Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
Department of Nuclear, Plasma & Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
A COMSOL Multiphysics® model of our apparatus has been created in order to simulate the pressurizations of our nanoparticles by Deuterium. Using reference measurements during a cooling process, we calibrated the model so that its thermal aspects reflect the ones of our experimental set up. To reproduce the pressurizations, the following variables are parameters : the location of the heat ...
H. Kwon, M. Hess II, R. M. Polski
Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, USA
Mathematical skin models play an important role in fields such as transdermal drug delivery and assessment of dermal exposure to industrial chemicals. Extensive research has been conducted on modeling skin for transdermal drug delivery; however, little effort has been made to view the skin as a permeable layer to expel waste chemicals or toxins from the body. In this work, we focused on topical ...
M. Hashiguchi, Y. Sumiyoshi
Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
Achieving passive device working over two GHz bands for next generation mobile phone has been strongly desired. This paper investigated the spurious mode suppression for the BAW resonator. The border-frame technique which has been proposed in many literatures is examined here numerically. It was found that the present finite-element analysis using COMSOL Multiphyiscs® was validated via ...
Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
A key challenge to finding quantitative solutions to biological problems is to model the complex 3D geometry of naturally occurring structures. Model generation often starts from serial sections from CT or MRI scans, confocal microscopy, or physical sectioning. In addition, prior to V4 of COMSOL Multiphysics®, there was a "loft" command to allow construction of 3D models from serial sections ...