Transport, Growth, Decay and Sorption of Microorganisms and Nutrients through Porous Media: A Simulation with COMSOL
D. Lopez-Falcon, M. Diaz-Viera, and A. Ortiz-Tapia
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, México D.F., Mexico
Transport of microorganisms through porous media governs many phenomena in bioremediation of environmental pollution problems and microbial enhanced oil recovery. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of some transport parameters on breakthrough curves as well as on spatial distribution of components transported through a porous medium by a fluid phase. Using COMSOL Multiphysics and ...
S.C. Seetharam, D. Jacques
Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium
This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...
X. Gong, R. Wan
University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
THM (Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical) behavior of the reservoir during SAGD (Steam-Assistant-Gravity-Drainage) was studied through a proper constitutive modeling of the porous media. Specifically, a generalized density-stress-fabric dependent elasto-plastic model with stress-dilatancy and plastic damage as main ingredients was implemented into COMSOL Multiphysics®, to model geomechanical behavior during ...
Application of the Focused Impedance Method (FIM) to Determine the Volume of an Object within a Volume Conductor
M. A. Kadir, S. P. Ahmed, G. D. Al Quaderi, R. Rahman, K. Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Focused Impedance Method (FIM), a new technique of electrical impedance measurement having high sensitivity in the central region, can sense the change in transfer impedance of an object embedded at a shallow depth within a volume conductor of unchanging background conductivity, using electrodes at the surface. This paper presents a new method for measuring the volume of such an embedded object ...
E. Abarca, A. Idiart, O. Silva, L.M. de Vries, J. Molinero, F. Vahlund, H. von Schenck
Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden
The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) operates the underground repository for low- and intermediate-level nuclear waste (SFR) located in Försmark, Sweden. An extension of the SFR is planned to accommodate mainly waste arising from the decommissioning of Swedish nuclear power plants. The long-term safety assessment for the SFR repository takes into account the future ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
F. Bergeron, P. Pasquier
École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
Ground freezing techniques using liquid nitrogen are commonly used in order to increase the mechanical properties of the soils. This article presents a new ground heat exchanger using aluminum to increase the effective radius of the heat exchanger. Simulation results indicate that the current design generates a significant thermal short-circuit between the circulation pipes that must be ...
B. Hagemann, J. Wegner, L. Ganzer
Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
In tight gas formations where the low matrix permeability prevents successful and economic production rates, hydraulic fracturing is required to produce a well at economic rates. As production from the well and its initial fracture declines, re-fracturing treatments are required to accelerate recovery. The orientation of the following hydraulic fracture depends on the actual stress-state of the ...
G. Perillo, G. De Natale, M.G. Di Giuseppe, A. Troiano, C. Troise
University of Naples Parthenope, Italy
INGV - Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy
Fluid injection in deep wells is a basic procedure in geothermal permeability enhancement. The retrieved changes of Pressure and Temperature are subsequently considered as sources of incremental stress and strain changes, using the elastic model from COMSOL Multiphysics®, which are then converted to Coulomb stress changes on favoured faults, taking into account also the background regional ...
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Although there are porous media and subsurface flow modes available in a toolbox of COMSOL Multiphysics®, some common requirements in hydrogeological models can not be easily accessed in the graphical user interface. Most crucially, there is no distinction between confined and unconfined situations for permeable layers, so called aquifers. Using the Physics Builder for such distinctions aquifer ...