An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
Heat Transfer Effects in a Water Calorimeter for Measuring the Absorbed Dose of Therapy-Level Radiation Beams
R. E. Tosh, and H. H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Water calorimetry that directly measures the temperature rise (at the mK level) due to radiation heating is used as a primary standard for therapy-level gamma-radiation beams. The temperature rise is measured at a given point in space where the spatial distribution of the absorbed dose is non-uniform, and therefore is subject to heat conduction and convection distortions that must be corrected to ...
ZINK Imaging, Bedford, MA, USA
Slot coating is a widely used commercial process for applying one or more thin layers to a substrate such as paper, fabric, film or other material. In many cases, a highly uniform thickness is required, where a coating head that has been corrected for use with a Newtonian fluid may not produce a uniform coating when used with non-Newtonian fluids. With a multiphysics calculation involving the ...
CEA Valduc, France
During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...
Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators
L. Ferravante, C. Zagano, and V. Marra
RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy
The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent CFD ...
A. Beaucamp, R. Freeman, and Y. Namba
Chubu University, Kasugai, Japan
Zeeko Ltd, Coalville, UK
In the Fluid Jet Method, a polishing fluid is compressed and delivered through a nozzle, allowing the spot area to become continuously replenished with abrasives and coolant. Process parameters include: Abrasive type and concentration, Inlet pressure, Nozzle diameter, Impingement angle, Surface feed of spot. The simulation uses COMSOL’s turbulent 2-phase flow model, with the incompressible ...
J. Wegner, L. Ganzer
Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal, Germany
In this paper we used COMSOL Multiphysics to model basic physico-chemical effects relevant in polymer enhanced oil recovery (EOR) such as non-Newtonian rheology of the displacing phase, permeability reduction, adsorption and salinity effects. COMSOL\'s PDE interface as well as Species Transport in Porous Media interface was used for solving the underlying equations. The validity of the ...
A Simplified Numerical Model for Simulating Sliding Door and Surgical Staff Movement in an Operating Theater
Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
This paper deals with a numerical investigation on sliding door and people moving effects on the indoor climate of a standard ISO5 class OT with an ultraclean air filter system and a total ceiling unidirectional diffuser. A simple method to analyze the effects on the OT climate by different sliding door conditions combined with crossing persons and persons with a stretcher crossing is provided. ...
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
The work is focused on the numerical analysis of forced convection in curved tubes investigating the correlation between the heat transfer and friction factor enhancement and the effects of the wall curvature. The analysis was performed by integrating the continuity, momentum and energy equations within COMSOL Multiphysics. The local Nusselt number reaches values higher than the ones expected for ...
B. Xu, M. Heydrich, S. Edmondson, A. Jahangir 
ShawCor Ltd., Toronto, ON, Canada
In oil and gas industries, electrical heaters are often used to control the internal pipe temperature. One important criterion for such test, is to maintain a uniform temperature range during the test. The objective of this study was to evaluate the heat transfer of one design of the internal electrical pipe heaters, by simulating both conduction and convection heat transfer around the heater ...