Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc.
Bloomfield Hills, MI
Electroplating is a vital technology widely employed for many technological applications ranging from decorative or anti-corrosion coatings to high precision nanotechnology passive electromagnetic cloaking devices. This 2D Axisymmetric Electroplating Model demonstrates one of the modeling methodologies that can be used to calculate the transient generation of a coating thickness of a deposited ...
Ziegler, C., Tranitz, M., Schumacher, J.O.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany
A mathematical model of planar self-breathing fuel cells is developed and validated. The geometry of the model is a two-dimensional symmetric element of a planar self-breathing fuel cell. The multicomponent transport of the species is considered as well as the couplings between the transport processes of heat, charge, and mass, and the electrochemical reactions. The cell model is validated ...
A. E. Khabbazi, A.J. Richards, and M. Hoorfar
School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada
Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.
M. Pfafferodt, P. Heidebrecht, and K. Sundmacher[1,2]
Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany
A model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) stack with internal reforming is presented. It describes the concentrations in the gas phase, the temperatures and the current densities in this highly integrated system. The differential equations, boundary conditions and the coupling equations used in the model are presented. A strategy to solve the system of partial differential ...
A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...
Keisoku Engineering System Co., Tokyo, Japan
The tertiary current distributions on the wafer in a plating cell are studied in this work. An acid copper sulfate electrolyte composed of CuSO4/5H2O of 2.4 g/L and H2SO4 of 90 g/L is taken into account for copper deposition on the wafer. The solution of shear-plate agitating fluid dynamics is coupled into the calculation of tertiary current distributions. The obtained distributions of tertiary ...
Yang, X.1, Zhang, G.1, 2, 3
1 Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering
2 Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center
3 Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Diffusion controlled redox cycling behavior at nanoscale interdigitated electrodes (IDEs) was simulated using FEMLAB. Cyclic voltammograms were obtained for IDEs with various sizes and spacing, and current collection efficiency and cycling number were calculated. We found that as the size of the IDEs decreased, the shape of the voltammogram changed from a peak-shaped curve to a sigmoidal ...
E. Holzbecher, J. Fuhrmann, R. Halseid, and R.J. Behm
 WIAS, Numerische Analysis, Berlin
 Universität Ulm, Ulm
Two designs for thin layer flow cells were set up at University of Ulm, Germany, in order to identify parameters describing the kinetics of methanol-oxydation – reactions, to be utilized in fuel cells. Computer models for two designs were constructed using COMSOL Multiphysics. Results from the numerical simulations were used to evaluate the different flow cell designs. The aim to ...
W. Booth, J. Schiffbauer, J. Fernandez, K. Kelley, A. Timperman, and B. Edwards
Physics Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Chemical Engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Chemistry Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
The steady-state non-equilibrium distributions of two species of mono-valent ions around a charged nanofluidic channel have been examined. Large reservoirs were placed on either side of the nanoscale channel to simulate bulk concentration of ions in a fluid. Results from COMSOL Multiphysics simulations show that the effect of the potential bias across the nanochannel yields a significant ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan – Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have attracted attention as an alternative power source in various applications such as vehicles, portable supplies, and stationary power systems. A non-isothermal PEM fuel model is developed and simulated by using COMSOL Multiphysics. Although PEM fuel cells have been expected to be extensively used as an alternative power source, there have been ...