Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Study of Microfluidic Fuel Cell Performance

A. E. Khabbazi[1], A.J. Richards[1], and M. Hoorfar[1]
[1]School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada

Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.

Reliability Evaluation for Static Chamber Method at Landfill Sites

H. Ishimori[1], K. Endo[1], and M. Yamada[1]
[1]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics was used for the reliability evaluation for static chamber method at landfill sites. Static chamber method, which measures landfill gas emission fluxes, is widely used at landfill sites for the monitoring of greenhouse gas emission such as methane and carbon dioxide. The accuracy and the reliability of static chamber method are dependent on the measuring ...

Reynolds Number Dependent Porous Media Flow Using the Brinkman Equation

R. Rieck[1], A. Bénard[1], and C. Petty[1]
[1]Michigan State University, Michigan, USA

Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...

Modeling of Nerve Stimulation Thresholds and Their Dependence on Electrical Impedance with COMSOL

P. Krastev[1], and B. Tracey[1]
[1]Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA

Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve.  Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...

Viscous damping of a periodic perforated MEMS microstructure when the Reynolds’ equation cannot be applied: Numerical simulations

D. Homentcovschi[1], and R.N. Miles[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, SUNY Binghamton, NY

This paper develops a computational model for determining the total damping coefficient for a unit cell of a MEMS microscale device containing a repetitive pattern of holes. The basic cell of the microstructure is approximated by an axi-symmetric domain and the velocity and pressure fields are determined from solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations using the finite element software package ...

Design Simulations of a General Purpose Research Micro Reactor for Methane Conversion to Syngas.

C. Bouchot[1], and M.A. Valenzuela[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México

A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...

Quasi-TEM Analysis of Multiconductor Transmission Lines Embedded in Layered Dielectric Region

S.M. Musa[1], and M.N.O. Sadiku[1]
[1]Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy, Prairie View, Texas, USA

This paper presents the quasi-TEM two-dimensional (2D) approach for the analysis of multiconductor transmission lines interconnect in single and two-layered dielectric region using the finite element method (FEM). FEM is especially suitable and effective for the computation of electromagnetic fields in strongly inhomogeneous media. We illustrate that FEM is as suitable and effective as other ...

Finite Element Analysis of Molecular Rydberg States

M.G. Levy[1], X. Liang[1], R.M. Stratt[1], and P.M. Weber[1]

[1]Department of Chemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA

Identifying molecules requires associating molecular structures with their electronic energy levels. In this paper we introduce a novel technique for the calculation of molecular Rydberg levels. The technique allows for easy visualization of the associated wavefuntions to make unambiguous assignments. The value calculated for the 3p state of trimethylamine is most closely in agreement with recent ...

COMSOL Derived Universal Scaling Model For Low Reynolds Number Viscous Flow Through Microfabricated Pillars – Applications to Heat Pipe Technology

N. Srivastava[1], and C.D. Meinhart[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California, USA

Cooling of high-power density electronic devices remains a challenge. Microfluidic heat-pipes with the potential of achieving ultra-high thermal conductivities offer a low-cost technology for cooling electronics. To achieve high thermal conductivity, it is critical to maximize the rate of liquid transport inside the heat pipe. We propose a novel array of microfabricated pillars to maximize liquid ...

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